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    Rights statement: This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in The Astrophysical Journal. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab75c3

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Spectroscopic confirmation of a Coma Cluster progenitor at z~2.2

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Spectroscopic confirmation of a Coma Cluster progenitor at z~2.2. / Darvish, Behnam; Scoville, Nicholas; Martin, Christopher; Sobral, David; Mobasher, Bahram; Rettura, Alessandro; Matthee, Jorryt; Capak, Peter; Chartab, Nima; Hemmati, Shoubaneh; Masters, Daniel; Nayyeri, Hooshang; O'Sullivan, Donal; Paulino-Afonso, Ana; Sattari, Zahra; Shahidi, Abtin; Salvato, Mara.

In: The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 892, No. 1, 8, 19.03.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Darvish, B, Scoville, N, Martin, C, Sobral, D, Mobasher, B, Rettura, A, Matthee, J, Capak, P, Chartab, N, Hemmati, S, Masters, D, Nayyeri, H, O'Sullivan, D, Paulino-Afonso, A, Sattari, Z, Shahidi, A & Salvato, M 2020, 'Spectroscopic confirmation of a Coma Cluster progenitor at z~2.2', The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 892, no. 1, 8. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab75c3

APA

Darvish, B., Scoville, N., Martin, C., Sobral, D., Mobasher, B., Rettura, A., Matthee, J., Capak, P., Chartab, N., Hemmati, S., Masters, D., Nayyeri, H., O'Sullivan, D., Paulino-Afonso, A., Sattari, Z., Shahidi, A., & Salvato, M. (2020). Spectroscopic confirmation of a Coma Cluster progenitor at z~2.2. The Astrophysical Journal, 892(1), [8]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab75c3

Vancouver

Darvish B, Scoville N, Martin C, Sobral D, Mobasher B, Rettura A et al. Spectroscopic confirmation of a Coma Cluster progenitor at z~2.2. The Astrophysical Journal. 2020 Mar 19;892(1). 8. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab75c3

Author

Darvish, Behnam ; Scoville, Nicholas ; Martin, Christopher ; Sobral, David ; Mobasher, Bahram ; Rettura, Alessandro ; Matthee, Jorryt ; Capak, Peter ; Chartab, Nima ; Hemmati, Shoubaneh ; Masters, Daniel ; Nayyeri, Hooshang ; O'Sullivan, Donal ; Paulino-Afonso, Ana ; Sattari, Zahra ; Shahidi, Abtin ; Salvato, Mara. / Spectroscopic confirmation of a Coma Cluster progenitor at z~2.2. In: The Astrophysical Journal. 2020 ; Vol. 892, No. 1.

Bibtex

@article{e8be09a6dff44ba183e0268d62822e28,
title = "Spectroscopic confirmation of a Coma Cluster progenitor at z~2.2",
abstract = "We report the spectroscopic confirmation of a new protocluster in the COSMOS field at z ∼ 2.2, originally identified as an overdensity of narrow-band selected Hα emitting candidates. With only two masks of Keck/MOSFIRE near-IR spectroscopy in both H (∼ 1.47-1.81 μm) and K (∼ 1.92- 2.40 μm) bands (∼ 1.5 hour each), we confirm 35 unique protocluster members with at least two emission lines detected with S/N > 3. Combined with 12 extra members from the zCOSMOS-deep spectroscopic survey (47 in total), we estimate a mean redshift, line-of-sight velocity dispersion, and total mass of zmean=2.23224 ± 0.00101, σlos=645 ± 69 km s−1, and Mvir ∼ (1 − 2)×10^14 M⊙ for this protocluster, respectively. We estimate a number density enhancement of δg ∼ 7 for this system and we argue that the structure is likely not virialized at z ∼ 2.2. However, in a spherical collapse model, δg is expected to grow to a linear matter enhancement of ∼ 1.9 by z=0, exceeding the collapse threshold of 1.69, and leading to a fully collapsed and virialized Coma-type structure with a total mass of Mdyn(z=0) ∼ 9.2×10^14 M⊙ by now. This observationally efficient confirmation suggests that large narrow-band emission-line galaxy surveys, when combined with ancillary photometric data, can be used to effectively trace the large-scale structure and protoclusters at a time when they are mostly dominated by star-forming galaxies.",
author = "Behnam Darvish and Nicholas Scoville and Christopher Martin and David Sobral and Bahram Mobasher and Alessandro Rettura and Jorryt Matthee and Peter Capak and Nima Chartab and Shoubaneh Hemmati and Daniel Masters and Hooshang Nayyeri and Donal O'Sullivan and Ana Paulino-Afonso and Zahra Sattari and Abtin Shahidi and Mara Salvato",
note = "This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in The Astrophysical Journal. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab75c3",
year = "2020",
month = mar,
day = "19",
doi = "10.3847/1538-4357/ab75c3",
language = "English",
volume = "892",
journal = "The Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "Institute of Physics Publishing",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spectroscopic confirmation of a Coma Cluster progenitor at z~2.2

AU - Darvish, Behnam

AU - Scoville, Nicholas

AU - Martin, Christopher

AU - Sobral, David

AU - Mobasher, Bahram

AU - Rettura, Alessandro

AU - Matthee, Jorryt

AU - Capak, Peter

AU - Chartab, Nima

AU - Hemmati, Shoubaneh

AU - Masters, Daniel

AU - Nayyeri, Hooshang

AU - O'Sullivan, Donal

AU - Paulino-Afonso, Ana

AU - Sattari, Zahra

AU - Shahidi, Abtin

AU - Salvato, Mara

N1 - This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in The Astrophysical Journal. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab75c3

PY - 2020/3/19

Y1 - 2020/3/19

N2 - We report the spectroscopic confirmation of a new protocluster in the COSMOS field at z ∼ 2.2, originally identified as an overdensity of narrow-band selected Hα emitting candidates. With only two masks of Keck/MOSFIRE near-IR spectroscopy in both H (∼ 1.47-1.81 μm) and K (∼ 1.92- 2.40 μm) bands (∼ 1.5 hour each), we confirm 35 unique protocluster members with at least two emission lines detected with S/N > 3. Combined with 12 extra members from the zCOSMOS-deep spectroscopic survey (47 in total), we estimate a mean redshift, line-of-sight velocity dispersion, and total mass of zmean=2.23224 ± 0.00101, σlos=645 ± 69 km s−1, and Mvir ∼ (1 − 2)×10^14 M⊙ for this protocluster, respectively. We estimate a number density enhancement of δg ∼ 7 for this system and we argue that the structure is likely not virialized at z ∼ 2.2. However, in a spherical collapse model, δg is expected to grow to a linear matter enhancement of ∼ 1.9 by z=0, exceeding the collapse threshold of 1.69, and leading to a fully collapsed and virialized Coma-type structure with a total mass of Mdyn(z=0) ∼ 9.2×10^14 M⊙ by now. This observationally efficient confirmation suggests that large narrow-band emission-line galaxy surveys, when combined with ancillary photometric data, can be used to effectively trace the large-scale structure and protoclusters at a time when they are mostly dominated by star-forming galaxies.

AB - We report the spectroscopic confirmation of a new protocluster in the COSMOS field at z ∼ 2.2, originally identified as an overdensity of narrow-band selected Hα emitting candidates. With only two masks of Keck/MOSFIRE near-IR spectroscopy in both H (∼ 1.47-1.81 μm) and K (∼ 1.92- 2.40 μm) bands (∼ 1.5 hour each), we confirm 35 unique protocluster members with at least two emission lines detected with S/N > 3. Combined with 12 extra members from the zCOSMOS-deep spectroscopic survey (47 in total), we estimate a mean redshift, line-of-sight velocity dispersion, and total mass of zmean=2.23224 ± 0.00101, σlos=645 ± 69 km s−1, and Mvir ∼ (1 − 2)×10^14 M⊙ for this protocluster, respectively. We estimate a number density enhancement of δg ∼ 7 for this system and we argue that the structure is likely not virialized at z ∼ 2.2. However, in a spherical collapse model, δg is expected to grow to a linear matter enhancement of ∼ 1.9 by z=0, exceeding the collapse threshold of 1.69, and leading to a fully collapsed and virialized Coma-type structure with a total mass of Mdyn(z=0) ∼ 9.2×10^14 M⊙ by now. This observationally efficient confirmation suggests that large narrow-band emission-line galaxy surveys, when combined with ancillary photometric data, can be used to effectively trace the large-scale structure and protoclusters at a time when they are mostly dominated by star-forming galaxies.

U2 - 10.3847/1538-4357/ab75c3

DO - 10.3847/1538-4357/ab75c3

M3 - Journal article

VL - 892

JO - The Astrophysical Journal

JF - The Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 1

M1 - 8

ER -