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Subwavelength mode profile customisation using functional materials

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Article number025003
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>6/09/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Physics Communications
Issue number2
Number of pages8
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


An ability to completely customize the mode profile in an electromagnetic waveguide would be a useful ability. Currently, the transverse mode profile in a waveguide might be varied, but this is usually a side effect of design constraints, or for control of dispersion. In contrast, here we show how to control the longitudinal (propagation direction) mode profile on a sub-wavelength scale, but without the need for active solutions such as synthesizing the shape by combining multiple Fourier harmonics. This is done by means of a customized permittivity variation that can be calculated either directly from the desired mode profile, or as inspired by e.g. the range of shapes generated by the Mathieu functions. For applications such as charged particle beam dynamics, requiring field profile shaping in free space, we show that it is possible to achieve this despite the need to cut a channel through the medium.