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Systematic Investigation into the Photoswitching and Thermal Properties of Arylazopyrazole-based MOF Host–Guest Complexes

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>4/10/2023
<mark>Journal</mark>Crystal Growth and Design
Issue number10
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)7044-7052
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date11/09/23
<mark>Original language</mark>English


A series of arylazopyrazole-loaded metal–organic frameworks were synthesized with the general formula Zn2(BDC)2(DABCO)(AAP)x (BDC = 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate; DABCO = 1,4-diazabicyclo-[2.2.2]octane; AAP = arylazopyrazole guest). The empty framework adopts a large pore tetragonal structure. Upon occlusion of the E-AAP guests, the frameworks contract to form narrow pore tetragonal structures. The extent of framework contraction is dependent on guest shapes and pendant groups and ranges between 1.5 and 5.8%. When irradiated with 365 nm light, the framework expands due to the photoisomerization of E-AAP to Z-AAP. The proportion of Z-isomer at the photostationary state varies between 19 and 57% for the AAP guests studied and appears to be limited by the framework which inhibits further isomerization once fully expanded. Interestingly, confinement within the framework significantly extends the thermal half-life of the Z-AAP isomers to a maximum of approximately 56 years. This finding provides scope for the design of photoresponsive host–guest complexes with high stability of the metastable isomer for long-duration information or energy storage applications.