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  • 2005.02688v1

    Accepted author manuscript, 433 KB, PDF document

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The Distributional Stress-Energy Quadrupole

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal article

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>6/05/2020
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


We investigate stress-energy tensors constructed from the delta function on a worldline. We concentrate on the quadrupole which has up to two partial or derivatives of the delta function. Unlike the dipole, we show that the quadrupole has 20 free components which are not determined by the properties of the stress-energy tensor. These need to be derived from an underlying model and we give an example modelling a divergent-free dust. We show that the components corresponding to the partial derivatives representation of the quadrupole, have a gauge like freedom. We give the change of coordinate formula which involves a second derivative and two integrals. We also show how to define the quadrupole without reference to a coordinate systems or a metric. For the representation using covariant derivatives, we show how to split a quadrupole into a pure monopole, pure dipole and pure quadrupole in a coordinate free way.

Bibliographic note

38 pages, 2 figures