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The dynamic change of microbial communities in crude oil contaminated soils from oilfields in China

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

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  • Jianli Jia
  • Shuang Zong
  • Lei Hu
  • Shaohe Shi
  • Xiaobo Zhai
  • Bingbing Wang
  • Guanghe Li
  • Dayi Zhang
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>02/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>Soil and Sediment Contamination: An International Journal
Issue number2
Volume26
Number of pages13
Pages (from-to)171-183
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date27/12/16
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

To study the biodegradability of microbial communities in crude oil contamination, crude oil-contaminated soil samples from different areas of China were collected. Using polyphasic approach, this study explored the dynamic change of the microbial communities during natural accumulation in oilfield and how the constructed bioremediation systems reshape the composition of microbial communities. The abundance of oil-degrading microbes was highest when oil content was 3%–8%. This oil content is potentially optimal for oil-degrading bacteria proliferate. During a ∼12 months natural accumulation, the quantity of oil-degrading microbes increased from 105 to 108 cells/g of soil. A typical sample of Liaohe (LH, oil-contaminated site near Liaohe river, Liaoning Province, China) was remediated for 50 days to investigate the dynamic change of microbial communities. The average FDA (a fluorescein diacetate approach) activities reached 0.25 abs/h·g dry soil in the artificially enhanced repair system, 32% higher than the 0.19 abs/h·g dry soil in natural circumstances. The abundance of oil-degrading microbes increased steadily from 0.001 to 0.068. During remediation treatment, oil content in the soil sample was reduced from 6.0% to 3.7%. GC-MS analysis indicated up to 67% utilization of C10–C20 normal paraffin hydrocarbons, the typical compounds that undergo microbial degradation.