Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > The evolution of young people's mental health d...

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

The evolution of young people's mental health during COVID-19 and the role of food insecurity: Evidence from a four low-and-middle-income-country cohort study

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

The evolution of young people's mental health during COVID-19 and the role of food insecurity : Evidence from a four low-and-middle-income-country cohort study. / Porter, Catherine; Hittmeyer, Annina; Favara, Marta; Scott, Douglas; Sánchez, Alan.

In: Public health in practice (Oxford, England), Vol. 3, 100232, 30.06.2022.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Porter, Catherine ; Hittmeyer, Annina ; Favara, Marta ; Scott, Douglas ; Sánchez, Alan. / The evolution of young people's mental health during COVID-19 and the role of food insecurity : Evidence from a four low-and-middle-income-country cohort study. In: Public health in practice (Oxford, England). 2022 ; Vol. 3.

Bibtex

@article{759d2179409e420f8bd096e78e538166,
title = "The evolution of young people's mental health during COVID-19 and the role of food insecurity: Evidence from a four low-and-middle-income-country cohort study",
abstract = "Provide evidence on how young people's mental health has evolved in Low-and-Middle-Income-Countries (LMICs) during the progression of the COVID-19 pandemic. Identify particularly vulnerable groups who report high and/or continuously high rates of mental health issues. Longitudinal, observational. Two consecutive phone-surveys (August-October and November-December 2020) in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam interviewed around 9000 participants of a 20-year cohort study who grew up in poverty, now aged 19 and 26. Rates of at least mild anxiety/depression measured by GAD-7/PHQ-8 were each compared across countries; between males/females, and food secure/food insecure households. Overall, rates of at least mild anxiety and mild depression significantly decreased between mid and end-2020 in all countries but Ethiopia as COVID-19 infection rates fell. Females report higher rates of anxiety and depression in all countries but Ethiopia, however the gender gap is closing. Young people in food insecure households have not shown consistent improvements in their rates of anxiety and depression. Food insecure households are poorer, and have significantly more children (p <0.05) except in Ethiopia. Food insecurity is negatively associated with young people's mental health and urgent support targeted towards the most vulnerable should be a priority. Further research into increasing rates of mental health issues in Ethiopia is needed. ",
keywords = "Anxiety, Youth, Depression, Food insecurity, COVID-19",
author = "Catherine Porter and Annina Hittmeyer and Marta Favara and Douglas Scott and Alan S{\'a}nchez",
year = "2022",
month = jun,
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.puhip.2022.100232",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
journal = "Public health in practice (Oxford, England)",
issn = "2666-5352",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The evolution of young people's mental health during COVID-19 and the role of food insecurity

T2 - Evidence from a four low-and-middle-income-country cohort study

AU - Porter, Catherine

AU - Hittmeyer, Annina

AU - Favara, Marta

AU - Scott, Douglas

AU - Sánchez, Alan

PY - 2022/6/30

Y1 - 2022/6/30

N2 - Provide evidence on how young people's mental health has evolved in Low-and-Middle-Income-Countries (LMICs) during the progression of the COVID-19 pandemic. Identify particularly vulnerable groups who report high and/or continuously high rates of mental health issues. Longitudinal, observational. Two consecutive phone-surveys (August-October and November-December 2020) in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam interviewed around 9000 participants of a 20-year cohort study who grew up in poverty, now aged 19 and 26. Rates of at least mild anxiety/depression measured by GAD-7/PHQ-8 were each compared across countries; between males/females, and food secure/food insecure households. Overall, rates of at least mild anxiety and mild depression significantly decreased between mid and end-2020 in all countries but Ethiopia as COVID-19 infection rates fell. Females report higher rates of anxiety and depression in all countries but Ethiopia, however the gender gap is closing. Young people in food insecure households have not shown consistent improvements in their rates of anxiety and depression. Food insecure households are poorer, and have significantly more children (p <0.05) except in Ethiopia. Food insecurity is negatively associated with young people's mental health and urgent support targeted towards the most vulnerable should be a priority. Further research into increasing rates of mental health issues in Ethiopia is needed. 

AB - Provide evidence on how young people's mental health has evolved in Low-and-Middle-Income-Countries (LMICs) during the progression of the COVID-19 pandemic. Identify particularly vulnerable groups who report high and/or continuously high rates of mental health issues. Longitudinal, observational. Two consecutive phone-surveys (August-October and November-December 2020) in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam interviewed around 9000 participants of a 20-year cohort study who grew up in poverty, now aged 19 and 26. Rates of at least mild anxiety/depression measured by GAD-7/PHQ-8 were each compared across countries; between males/females, and food secure/food insecure households. Overall, rates of at least mild anxiety and mild depression significantly decreased between mid and end-2020 in all countries but Ethiopia as COVID-19 infection rates fell. Females report higher rates of anxiety and depression in all countries but Ethiopia, however the gender gap is closing. Young people in food insecure households have not shown consistent improvements in their rates of anxiety and depression. Food insecure households are poorer, and have significantly more children (p <0.05) except in Ethiopia. Food insecurity is negatively associated with young people's mental health and urgent support targeted towards the most vulnerable should be a priority. Further research into increasing rates of mental health issues in Ethiopia is needed. 

KW - Anxiety

KW - Youth

KW - Depression

KW - Food insecurity

KW - COVID-19

U2 - 10.1016/j.puhip.2022.100232

DO - 10.1016/j.puhip.2022.100232

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 35128496

VL - 3

JO - Public health in practice (Oxford, England)

JF - Public health in practice (Oxford, England)

SN - 2666-5352

M1 - 100232

ER -