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The quality and costs of residential services for adults with multiple disabilities : a comparative evaluation.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/1995
<mark>Journal</mark>Research in Developmental Disabilities
Issue number6
Volume16
Number of pages22
Pages (from-to)439-460
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

The costs and quality of four different service models for 40 adults with multiple disabilities were compared. The four service models were: specialised institution-based units; a specialised, campus-style, further education service; specialised community-based group homes; and “ordinary” community-based group homes. Some information was also available from five adults with multiple disabilities living in traditional institutions for people with mental retardation. On almost all measures of service outcome the specialised group-home model was the “preferred” service model, although this model was not associated with particularly high service costs. There was, however, considerable variation in quality within, as well as between, service models, with some residents in all service models experiencing levels of support and engagement similar to those found in traditional institutions. The results of the study are discussed in relation to notions of typical practice and normative standards. The implications of the findings are discussed.