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The XMM cluster survey: Active galactic nuclei and starburst galaxies in XMMXCS J2215.9-1738 at z = 1.46

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  • Matt Hilton
  • Ed Lloyd-Davies
  • S. Adam Stanford
  • John P. Stott
  • Chris A. Collins
  • A. Kathy Romer
  • Mark Hosmer
  • Ben Hoyle
  • Scott T. Kay
  • Andrew R. Liddle
  • Nicola Mehrtens
  • Christopher J. Miller
  • Martin Sahlén
  • Pedro T P Viana
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>28/06/2010
<mark>Journal</mark>The Astrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Number of pages15
Pages (from-to)133-147
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


We use Chandra X-ray and Spitzer infrared (IR) observations to explore the active galactic nucleus (AGN) and starburst populations of XMMXCS J2215.9-1738 atz = 1.46, one of the most distant spectroscopically confirmed galaxy clusters known. The high-resolution X-ray imaging reveals that the cluster emission is contaminated by point sources that were not resolved in XMM-Newton observations of the system, and have the effect of hardening the spectrum, leading to the previously reported temperature for this system being overestimated. From a joint spectroscopic analysis of the Chandra and XMM-Newton data, the cluster is found to have temperature T = 4.1+0.6-0.9 keV and luminosity LX = (2.92+0.24-0.35) × 1044 erg s-1, extrapolated to a radius of 2 Mpc. As a result of this revised analysis, the cluster is found to lie on the σv-T relation, but the cluster remains less luminous than would be expected from self-similar evolution of the local LX-T relation. Two of the newly discovered X-ray AGNs are cluster members, while a third object, which is also a prominent 24 μm source, is found to have properties consistent with it being a high-redshift, highly obscured object in the background. We find a total of eight >5σ 24 μm sources associated with cluster members (four spectroscopically confirmed and four selected using photometric redshifts) and one additional 24 μm source with two possible optical/near-IR counterparts that may be associated with the cluster. Examining the Infrared Array Camera colors of these sources, we find that one object is likely to be an AGN. Assuming that the other 24 μm sources are powered by star formation, their IR luminosities imply star formation rates ∼100M yr-1. We find that three of these sources are located at projected distances of