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Type Ia supernova spectral features in the context of their host galaxy properties

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Type Ia supernova spectral features in the context of their host galaxy properties. / Pan, Y. -C.; Sullivan, M.; Maguire, K.; Gal-Yam, A.; Hook, I. M.; Howell, D. A.; Nugent, P. E.; Mazzali, P. A.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 446, No. 1, 01.2015, p. 354-368.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Pan, Y-C, Sullivan, M, Maguire, K, Gal-Yam, A, Hook, IM, Howell, DA, Nugent, PE & Mazzali, PA 2015, 'Type Ia supernova spectral features in the context of their host galaxy properties', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 446, no. 1, pp. 354-368. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stu2121

APA

Pan, Y. -C., Sullivan, M., Maguire, K., Gal-Yam, A., Hook, I. M., Howell, D. A., Nugent, P. E., & Mazzali, P. A. (2015). Type Ia supernova spectral features in the context of their host galaxy properties. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 446(1), 354-368. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stu2121

Vancouver

Pan Y-C, Sullivan M, Maguire K, Gal-Yam A, Hook IM, Howell DA et al. Type Ia supernova spectral features in the context of their host galaxy properties. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2015 Jan;446(1):354-368. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stu2121

Author

Pan, Y. -C. ; Sullivan, M. ; Maguire, K. ; Gal-Yam, A. ; Hook, I. M. ; Howell, D. A. ; Nugent, P. E. ; Mazzali, P. A. / Type Ia supernova spectral features in the context of their host galaxy properties. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2015 ; Vol. 446, No. 1. pp. 354-368.

Bibtex

@article{50c5de7328164c67ae5be03af6abb048,
title = "Type Ia supernova spectral features in the context of their host galaxy properties",
abstract = "We analyse spectroscopic measurements of 122 Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) with z <0.09 discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory, focusing on the properties of the Si II lambda 6355 and Ca II 'near-infrared triplet' absorptions. We examine the velocities of the photospheric Si II lambda 6355, and the velocities and strengths of the photospheric and high-velocity Ca II, in the context of the stellar mass (M-stellar) and star formation rate (SFR) of the SN host galaxies, as well as the position of the SN within its host. We find that SNe Ia with faster Si II lambda 6355 tend to explode in more massive galaxies, with the highest velocity events only occurring in galaxies with M-stellar > 3 x 10(9) M-circle dot. We also find some evidence that these highest velocity SNe Ia explode in the inner regions of their host galaxies, similar to the study of Wang et al., although the trend is not as significant in our data. We show that these trends are consistent with some SN Ia spectral models, if the host galaxy stellar mass is interpreted as a proxy for host galaxy metallicity. We study the strength of the high-velocity component of the Ca II near-IR absorption, and show that SNe Ia with stronger high-velocity components relative to photospheric components are hosted by galaxies with low M-stellar, blue colour, and a high sSFR. Such SNe are therefore likely to arise from the youngest progenitor systems. This argues against a pure orientation effect being responsible for high-velocity features in SN Ia spectra and, when combined with other studies, is consistent with a scenario where high-velocity features are related to an interaction between the SN ejecta and circumstellar medium local to the SN.",
keywords = "circumstellar matter, supernovae: general, distance scale, HIGH-VELOCITY FEATURES, DIGITAL SKY SURVEY, MASS-METALLICITY RELATION, HUBBLE-SPACE-TELESCOPE, STAR-FORMING GALAXIES, SDSS-II, CIRCUMSTELLAR INTERACTION, COSMOLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS, RESOLUTION SPECTROGRAPH, SPECTROSCOPIC DIVERSITY",
author = "Pan, {Y. -C.} and M. Sullivan and K. Maguire and A. Gal-Yam and Hook, {I. M.} and Howell, {D. A.} and Nugent, {P. E.} and Mazzali, {P. A.}",
year = "2015",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1093/mnras/stu2121",
language = "English",
volume = "446",
pages = "354--368",
journal = "Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society",
issn = "0035-8711",
publisher = "OXFORD UNIV PRESS",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Type Ia supernova spectral features in the context of their host galaxy properties

AU - Pan, Y. -C.

AU - Sullivan, M.

AU - Maguire, K.

AU - Gal-Yam, A.

AU - Hook, I. M.

AU - Howell, D. A.

AU - Nugent, P. E.

AU - Mazzali, P. A.

PY - 2015/1

Y1 - 2015/1

N2 - We analyse spectroscopic measurements of 122 Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) with z <0.09 discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory, focusing on the properties of the Si II lambda 6355 and Ca II 'near-infrared triplet' absorptions. We examine the velocities of the photospheric Si II lambda 6355, and the velocities and strengths of the photospheric and high-velocity Ca II, in the context of the stellar mass (M-stellar) and star formation rate (SFR) of the SN host galaxies, as well as the position of the SN within its host. We find that SNe Ia with faster Si II lambda 6355 tend to explode in more massive galaxies, with the highest velocity events only occurring in galaxies with M-stellar > 3 x 10(9) M-circle dot. We also find some evidence that these highest velocity SNe Ia explode in the inner regions of their host galaxies, similar to the study of Wang et al., although the trend is not as significant in our data. We show that these trends are consistent with some SN Ia spectral models, if the host galaxy stellar mass is interpreted as a proxy for host galaxy metallicity. We study the strength of the high-velocity component of the Ca II near-IR absorption, and show that SNe Ia with stronger high-velocity components relative to photospheric components are hosted by galaxies with low M-stellar, blue colour, and a high sSFR. Such SNe are therefore likely to arise from the youngest progenitor systems. This argues against a pure orientation effect being responsible for high-velocity features in SN Ia spectra and, when combined with other studies, is consistent with a scenario where high-velocity features are related to an interaction between the SN ejecta and circumstellar medium local to the SN.

AB - We analyse spectroscopic measurements of 122 Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) with z <0.09 discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory, focusing on the properties of the Si II lambda 6355 and Ca II 'near-infrared triplet' absorptions. We examine the velocities of the photospheric Si II lambda 6355, and the velocities and strengths of the photospheric and high-velocity Ca II, in the context of the stellar mass (M-stellar) and star formation rate (SFR) of the SN host galaxies, as well as the position of the SN within its host. We find that SNe Ia with faster Si II lambda 6355 tend to explode in more massive galaxies, with the highest velocity events only occurring in galaxies with M-stellar > 3 x 10(9) M-circle dot. We also find some evidence that these highest velocity SNe Ia explode in the inner regions of their host galaxies, similar to the study of Wang et al., although the trend is not as significant in our data. We show that these trends are consistent with some SN Ia spectral models, if the host galaxy stellar mass is interpreted as a proxy for host galaxy metallicity. We study the strength of the high-velocity component of the Ca II near-IR absorption, and show that SNe Ia with stronger high-velocity components relative to photospheric components are hosted by galaxies with low M-stellar, blue colour, and a high sSFR. Such SNe are therefore likely to arise from the youngest progenitor systems. This argues against a pure orientation effect being responsible for high-velocity features in SN Ia spectra and, when combined with other studies, is consistent with a scenario where high-velocity features are related to an interaction between the SN ejecta and circumstellar medium local to the SN.

KW - circumstellar matter

KW - supernovae: general

KW - distance scale

KW - HIGH-VELOCITY FEATURES

KW - DIGITAL SKY SURVEY

KW - MASS-METALLICITY RELATION

KW - HUBBLE-SPACE-TELESCOPE

KW - STAR-FORMING GALAXIES

KW - SDSS-II

KW - CIRCUMSTELLAR INTERACTION

KW - COSMOLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS

KW - RESOLUTION SPECTROGRAPH

KW - SPECTROSCOPIC DIVERSITY

U2 - 10.1093/mnras/stu2121

DO - 10.1093/mnras/stu2121

M3 - Journal article

VL - 446

SP - 354

EP - 368

JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

JF - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

SN - 0035-8711

IS - 1

ER -