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Vertical emissivity profiles of Jupiter's northern H-3(+) and H-2 infrared auroras observed by Subaru/IRCS

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Vertical emissivity profiles of Jupiter's northern H-3(+) and H-2 infrared auroras observed by Subaru/IRCS. / Uno, T.; Kasaba, Y.; Tao, C.; Sakanoi, T.; Kagitani, M.; Fujisawa, S.; Kita, H.; Badman, S. V.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, No. 12, 12.2014, p. 10219-10241.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Uno, T, Kasaba, Y, Tao, C, Sakanoi, T, Kagitani, M, Fujisawa, S, Kita, H & Badman, SV 2014, 'Vertical emissivity profiles of Jupiter's northern H-3(+) and H-2 infrared auroras observed by Subaru/IRCS', Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol. 119, no. 12, pp. 10219-10241. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JA020454

APA

Uno, T., Kasaba, Y., Tao, C., Sakanoi, T., Kagitani, M., Fujisawa, S., Kita, H., & Badman, S. V. (2014). Vertical emissivity profiles of Jupiter's northern H-3(+) and H-2 infrared auroras observed by Subaru/IRCS. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 119(12), 10219-10241. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JA020454

Vancouver

Uno T, Kasaba Y, Tao C, Sakanoi T, Kagitani M, Fujisawa S et al. Vertical emissivity profiles of Jupiter's northern H-3(+) and H-2 infrared auroras observed by Subaru/IRCS. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2014 Dec;119(12):10219-10241. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JA020454

Author

Uno, T. ; Kasaba, Y. ; Tao, C. ; Sakanoi, T. ; Kagitani, M. ; Fujisawa, S. ; Kita, H. ; Badman, S. V. / Vertical emissivity profiles of Jupiter's northern H-3(+) and H-2 infrared auroras observed by Subaru/IRCS. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2014 ; Vol. 119, No. 12. pp. 10219-10241.

Bibtex

@article{0f1301d5282f49d8b1679789c306c545,
title = "Vertical emissivity profiles of Jupiter's northern H-3(+) and H-2 infrared auroras observed by Subaru/IRCS",
abstract = "We resolved the vertical emissivity profiles of H-3(+) overtone, H-3(+) hot overtone, and H-2 emission lines of the Jovian northern auroras in K band obtained in December 2011 observed by the IR Camera and Spectrograph of the Subaru 8.2m telescope with the adaptive optics system (AO188). The spatial resolution achieved was similar to 0.2 arcsec, corresponding to similar to 600 km at Jupiter. We derived the vertical emissivity profiles at three polar regions close to the Jovian limb. The H-3(+) overtone and H-3(+) hot overtone lines had similar peak altitudes of 700-900 km and 680-950 km above the 1 bar level, which were 100-300 km and 150-420 km lower, respectively, than the model values. On the contrary, the H-2 peak emission altitude was high, 590-720 km above the 1 bar level. It was consistent with the value expected for precipitation of similar to 1 keV electron, which favors a higher-altitude emissivity profile. We concluded that the lower peak altitudes of H-3(+) overtone and hot overtone lines were caused by the nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium effect stronger than the model assumption. We could reproduce the observational emissivity profiles from the model by including this effect. It has been proposed that neutral H-2 and ionized H-3(+) emissions can have different source altitudes because of their different morphologies and velocities; however, our observed results with a general circulation model show that the peak emission altitudes of H-3(+) and H-2 can be similar even with different velocities.",
keywords = "MOLECULAR-HYDROGEN, JOVIAN IONOSPHERE, UPPER-ATMOSPHERE, THERMOSPHERE, DYNAMICS, ION, TEMPERATURE, TELESCOPE, DENSITY, MODELS",
author = "T. Uno and Y. Kasaba and C. Tao and T. Sakanoi and M. Kagitani and S. Fujisawa and H. Kita and Badman, {S. V.}",
note = " {\textcopyright}2014. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.",
year = "2014",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1002/2014JA020454",
language = "English",
volume = "119",
pages = "10219--10241",
journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics",
issn = "2169-9402",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vertical emissivity profiles of Jupiter's northern H-3(+) and H-2 infrared auroras observed by Subaru/IRCS

AU - Uno, T.

AU - Kasaba, Y.

AU - Tao, C.

AU - Sakanoi, T.

AU - Kagitani, M.

AU - Fujisawa, S.

AU - Kita, H.

AU - Badman, S. V.

N1 - ©2014. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

PY - 2014/12

Y1 - 2014/12

N2 - We resolved the vertical emissivity profiles of H-3(+) overtone, H-3(+) hot overtone, and H-2 emission lines of the Jovian northern auroras in K band obtained in December 2011 observed by the IR Camera and Spectrograph of the Subaru 8.2m telescope with the adaptive optics system (AO188). The spatial resolution achieved was similar to 0.2 arcsec, corresponding to similar to 600 km at Jupiter. We derived the vertical emissivity profiles at three polar regions close to the Jovian limb. The H-3(+) overtone and H-3(+) hot overtone lines had similar peak altitudes of 700-900 km and 680-950 km above the 1 bar level, which were 100-300 km and 150-420 km lower, respectively, than the model values. On the contrary, the H-2 peak emission altitude was high, 590-720 km above the 1 bar level. It was consistent with the value expected for precipitation of similar to 1 keV electron, which favors a higher-altitude emissivity profile. We concluded that the lower peak altitudes of H-3(+) overtone and hot overtone lines were caused by the nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium effect stronger than the model assumption. We could reproduce the observational emissivity profiles from the model by including this effect. It has been proposed that neutral H-2 and ionized H-3(+) emissions can have different source altitudes because of their different morphologies and velocities; however, our observed results with a general circulation model show that the peak emission altitudes of H-3(+) and H-2 can be similar even with different velocities.

AB - We resolved the vertical emissivity profiles of H-3(+) overtone, H-3(+) hot overtone, and H-2 emission lines of the Jovian northern auroras in K band obtained in December 2011 observed by the IR Camera and Spectrograph of the Subaru 8.2m telescope with the adaptive optics system (AO188). The spatial resolution achieved was similar to 0.2 arcsec, corresponding to similar to 600 km at Jupiter. We derived the vertical emissivity profiles at three polar regions close to the Jovian limb. The H-3(+) overtone and H-3(+) hot overtone lines had similar peak altitudes of 700-900 km and 680-950 km above the 1 bar level, which were 100-300 km and 150-420 km lower, respectively, than the model values. On the contrary, the H-2 peak emission altitude was high, 590-720 km above the 1 bar level. It was consistent with the value expected for precipitation of similar to 1 keV electron, which favors a higher-altitude emissivity profile. We concluded that the lower peak altitudes of H-3(+) overtone and hot overtone lines were caused by the nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium effect stronger than the model assumption. We could reproduce the observational emissivity profiles from the model by including this effect. It has been proposed that neutral H-2 and ionized H-3(+) emissions can have different source altitudes because of their different morphologies and velocities; however, our observed results with a general circulation model show that the peak emission altitudes of H-3(+) and H-2 can be similar even with different velocities.

KW - MOLECULAR-HYDROGEN

KW - JOVIAN IONOSPHERE

KW - UPPER-ATMOSPHERE

KW - THERMOSPHERE

KW - DYNAMICS

KW - ION

KW - TEMPERATURE

KW - TELESCOPE

KW - DENSITY

KW - MODELS

U2 - 10.1002/2014JA020454

DO - 10.1002/2014JA020454

M3 - Journal article

VL - 119

SP - 10219

EP - 10241

JO - Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

JF - Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

SN - 2169-9402

IS - 12

ER -