Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Violent Life Events and Social Disadvantage
View graph of relations

Violent Life Events and Social Disadvantage: A Systematic Study of the Social Background of Various Kinds of Lethal Violence, Other Violent Crime, Suicide, and Suicide Attempts

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Violent Life Events and Social Disadvantage : A Systematic Study of the Social Background of Various Kinds of Lethal Violence, Other Violent Crime, Suicide, and Suicide Attempts. / Christoffersen, Mogens Nygaard; Soothill, Keith; Francis, Brian.

In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2007, p. 157-184.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Christoffersen, Mogens Nygaard ; Soothill, Keith ; Francis, Brian. / Violent Life Events and Social Disadvantage : A Systematic Study of the Social Background of Various Kinds of Lethal Violence, Other Violent Crime, Suicide, and Suicide Attempts. In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention. 2007 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 157-184.

Bibtex

@article{74dce525b8d44ddb8c55043bb47e46be,
title = "Violent Life Events and Social Disadvantage: A Systematic Study of the Social Background of Various Kinds of Lethal Violence, Other Violent Crime, Suicide, and Suicide Attempts",
abstract = "This is a systematic study of the social background of Danish males convicted for the first time of lethal violence, either actual or potential (e.g. unlawful killers, attempted homicides, negligent homicide, grievous bodily harm, n = 125). Using registers, the paper addresses the following question: Do young men, convicted of a lethal violent crime (either actual or potential), have the same kind of risk factors related to social disadvantage as other first‐time convicted violent offenders (n = 1,849) and first‐time attempted suicides or completed suicides (n = 476)? The paper describes three separate analyses of the total 1966 birth cohort followed through a 13‐year period from age 15 to 27 (n = 43,403). In each case the discrete‐time Cox model is used to analyse associations between the relatively rare response events and the relatively rare stress factors. Results suggest that all three groups of subjects have a similar exposure to risk conditions, but also that there are important differences in the predictors for the three groups when the risk factors are analysed one by one. So, for example, the experience of domestic violence during adolescence is a strong predictor of males' later violent behaviour but a less strong predictor of suicidal behaviour. In contrast, being battered and being neglected during childhood more strongly predict later suicidal behaviour than violent behaviour. The implications for prevention are considered. ",
author = "Christoffersen, {Mogens Nygaard} and Keith Soothill and Brian Francis",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1080/14043850701498469",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "157--184",
journal = "Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention",
issn = "1404-3858",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis AS",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Violent Life Events and Social Disadvantage

T2 - A Systematic Study of the Social Background of Various Kinds of Lethal Violence, Other Violent Crime, Suicide, and Suicide Attempts

AU - Christoffersen, Mogens Nygaard

AU - Soothill, Keith

AU - Francis, Brian

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - This is a systematic study of the social background of Danish males convicted for the first time of lethal violence, either actual or potential (e.g. unlawful killers, attempted homicides, negligent homicide, grievous bodily harm, n = 125). Using registers, the paper addresses the following question: Do young men, convicted of a lethal violent crime (either actual or potential), have the same kind of risk factors related to social disadvantage as other first‐time convicted violent offenders (n = 1,849) and first‐time attempted suicides or completed suicides (n = 476)? The paper describes three separate analyses of the total 1966 birth cohort followed through a 13‐year period from age 15 to 27 (n = 43,403). In each case the discrete‐time Cox model is used to analyse associations between the relatively rare response events and the relatively rare stress factors. Results suggest that all three groups of subjects have a similar exposure to risk conditions, but also that there are important differences in the predictors for the three groups when the risk factors are analysed one by one. So, for example, the experience of domestic violence during adolescence is a strong predictor of males' later violent behaviour but a less strong predictor of suicidal behaviour. In contrast, being battered and being neglected during childhood more strongly predict later suicidal behaviour than violent behaviour. The implications for prevention are considered.

AB - This is a systematic study of the social background of Danish males convicted for the first time of lethal violence, either actual or potential (e.g. unlawful killers, attempted homicides, negligent homicide, grievous bodily harm, n = 125). Using registers, the paper addresses the following question: Do young men, convicted of a lethal violent crime (either actual or potential), have the same kind of risk factors related to social disadvantage as other first‐time convicted violent offenders (n = 1,849) and first‐time attempted suicides or completed suicides (n = 476)? The paper describes three separate analyses of the total 1966 birth cohort followed through a 13‐year period from age 15 to 27 (n = 43,403). In each case the discrete‐time Cox model is used to analyse associations between the relatively rare response events and the relatively rare stress factors. Results suggest that all three groups of subjects have a similar exposure to risk conditions, but also that there are important differences in the predictors for the three groups when the risk factors are analysed one by one. So, for example, the experience of domestic violence during adolescence is a strong predictor of males' later violent behaviour but a less strong predictor of suicidal behaviour. In contrast, being battered and being neglected during childhood more strongly predict later suicidal behaviour than violent behaviour. The implications for prevention are considered.

U2 - 10.1080/14043850701498469

DO - 10.1080/14043850701498469

M3 - Journal article

VL - 8

SP - 157

EP - 184

JO - Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention

JF - Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention

SN - 1404-3858

IS - 2

ER -