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Wind Turbine Blade Icing Diagnosis Using Convolutional LSTM-GRU With Improved African Vultures Optimization

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Article number3500809
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>30/11/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Open Journal of Instrumentation and Measurement
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)1-9
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Wind farms are usually located in plateau mountains and northern coastal areas, bringing a high probability of blade icing. Blade icing even leads to blade cracks and turbine collapse. Traditional methods of blade icing diagnosis increase operating costs and have the potential risk of damaging the original mechanical structure. A data-driven model based on a novel convolutional recurrent neural network is proposed in this article. The method can effectively extract hidden features for accurate icing diagnosis. The hyperparameters of the proposed model are optimized by the improved African vultures optimization algorithm (IAVOA). To alleviate the critical data imbalance, the adaptive synthetic (ADASYN) is used to oversample the minority classes of icing status. In comparison to the state-of-the-art classification methods, the proposed method illustrates the outstanding effectiveness in blade icing diagnosis using the sensor data from supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems. The effectiveness analysis of variables, ablation study, and sensitivity analysis validates the performance of the proposed method.