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    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Emerson, E, Llewellyn, G. Youth with disabilities are more likely than their peers to engage in hazardous child labour. Child Care Health Dev. 2021; 47: 119– 127. doi: 10.1111/cch.12820 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cch.12820 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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Youth with Disabilities are More Likely than their Peers to Engage in Hazardous Child Labour

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/01/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Child: Care, Health and Development
Issue number1
Volume47
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)119-127
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

BackgroundLittle is known about the extent to which children and adolescents with disabilities are exposed to child labour.ObjectiveTo estimate prevalence rates and adjusted rate ratios of exposure to child labour among children and adolescents with/without disability in middle‐ and low‐income countries and to determine whether these rates vary between functional limitations associated with disability.Participants and SettingNationally representative samples involving 142,499 children aged 5–14 from 15 countries.MethodsSecondary analysis of data collected in UNICEF's Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys.ResultsOverall children and youth with disability were not at significantly greater risk of exposure than children without disability to child labour when demographic and contextual factors were taken into account. However, children and youth with disability were at significantly greater risk of exposure than children without disability to hazardous child labour (adjusted relative risk [ARR] = 1.15 [1.10–1.21], P < 0.001). Specifically, children and youth with impairments related to poorer mental health or cognitive functioning were at significantly greater risk of exposure to hazardous child labour (e.g., ARR for learning impairment = 1.27 [1.14–1.42], P < 0.001). In contrast, children with impairments related to sensory functioning, mobility and expressive communication were at no greater risk of exposure than children with no disability.ConclusionsChildren and youth with disability are at greater risk of exposure to hazardous child labour than children with no disability in middle‐ and low‐income countries. Responses to eradicate hazardous child labour need to take account of the situation of children and youth with disability.

Bibliographic note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Emerson, E, Llewellyn, G. Youth with disabilities are more likely than their peers to engage in hazardous child labour. Child Care Health Dev. 2021; 47: 119– 127. doi: 10.1111/cch.12820 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cch.12820 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.