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    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Emerson, E, Llewellyn, G. Youth with disabilities are more likely than their peers to engage in hazardous child labour. Child Care Health Dev. 2021; 47: 119– 127. doi: 10.1111/cch.12820 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cch.12820 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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Youth with Disabilities are More Likely than their Peers to Engage in Hazardous Child Labour

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Youth with Disabilities are More Likely than their Peers to Engage in Hazardous Child Labour. / Emerson, Eric; Llewellyn, G.

In: Child: Care, Health and Development, Vol. 47, No. 1, 01.01.2021, p. 119-127.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Emerson, E & Llewellyn, G 2021, 'Youth with Disabilities are More Likely than their Peers to Engage in Hazardous Child Labour', Child: Care, Health and Development, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 119-127. https://doi.org/10.1111/cch.12820

APA

Vancouver

Author

Emerson, Eric ; Llewellyn, G. / Youth with Disabilities are More Likely than their Peers to Engage in Hazardous Child Labour. In: Child: Care, Health and Development. 2021 ; Vol. 47, No. 1. pp. 119-127.

Bibtex

@article{ed2eef352cf348acb3422e1b69bfedf4,
title = "Youth with Disabilities are More Likely than their Peers to Engage in Hazardous Child Labour",
abstract = "BackgroundLittle is known about the extent to which children and adolescents with disabilities are exposed to child labour.ObjectiveTo estimate prevalence rates and adjusted rate ratios of exposure to child labour among children and adolescents with/without disability in middle‐ and low‐income countries and to determine whether these rates vary between functional limitations associated with disability.Participants and SettingNationally representative samples involving 142,499 children aged 5–14 from 15 countries.MethodsSecondary analysis of data collected in UNICEF's Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys.ResultsOverall children and youth with disability were not at significantly greater risk of exposure than children without disability to child labour when demographic and contextual factors were taken into account. However, children and youth with disability were at significantly greater risk of exposure than children without disability to hazardous child labour (adjusted relative risk [ARR] = 1.15 [1.10–1.21], P < 0.001). Specifically, children and youth with impairments related to poorer mental health or cognitive functioning were at significantly greater risk of exposure to hazardous child labour (e.g., ARR for learning impairment = 1.27 [1.14–1.42], P < 0.001). In contrast, children with impairments related to sensory functioning, mobility and expressive communication were at no greater risk of exposure than children with no disability.ConclusionsChildren and youth with disability are at greater risk of exposure to hazardous child labour than children with no disability in middle‐ and low‐income countries. Responses to eradicate hazardous child labour need to take account of the situation of children and youth with disability.",
author = "Eric Emerson and G Llewellyn",
note = "This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Emerson, E, Llewellyn, G. Youth with disabilities are more likely than their peers to engage in hazardous child labour. Child Care Health Dev. 2021; 47: 119– 127. doi: 10.1111/cch.12820 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cch.12820 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.",
year = "2021",
month = jan,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/cch.12820",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "119--127",
journal = "Child: Care, Health and Development",
issn = "0305-1862",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Youth with Disabilities are More Likely than their Peers to Engage in Hazardous Child Labour

AU - Emerson, Eric

AU - Llewellyn, G

N1 - This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Emerson, E, Llewellyn, G. Youth with disabilities are more likely than their peers to engage in hazardous child labour. Child Care Health Dev. 2021; 47: 119– 127. doi: 10.1111/cch.12820 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cch.12820 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

PY - 2021/1/1

Y1 - 2021/1/1

N2 - BackgroundLittle is known about the extent to which children and adolescents with disabilities are exposed to child labour.ObjectiveTo estimate prevalence rates and adjusted rate ratios of exposure to child labour among children and adolescents with/without disability in middle‐ and low‐income countries and to determine whether these rates vary between functional limitations associated with disability.Participants and SettingNationally representative samples involving 142,499 children aged 5–14 from 15 countries.MethodsSecondary analysis of data collected in UNICEF's Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys.ResultsOverall children and youth with disability were not at significantly greater risk of exposure than children without disability to child labour when demographic and contextual factors were taken into account. However, children and youth with disability were at significantly greater risk of exposure than children without disability to hazardous child labour (adjusted relative risk [ARR] = 1.15 [1.10–1.21], P < 0.001). Specifically, children and youth with impairments related to poorer mental health or cognitive functioning were at significantly greater risk of exposure to hazardous child labour (e.g., ARR for learning impairment = 1.27 [1.14–1.42], P < 0.001). In contrast, children with impairments related to sensory functioning, mobility and expressive communication were at no greater risk of exposure than children with no disability.ConclusionsChildren and youth with disability are at greater risk of exposure to hazardous child labour than children with no disability in middle‐ and low‐income countries. Responses to eradicate hazardous child labour need to take account of the situation of children and youth with disability.

AB - BackgroundLittle is known about the extent to which children and adolescents with disabilities are exposed to child labour.ObjectiveTo estimate prevalence rates and adjusted rate ratios of exposure to child labour among children and adolescents with/without disability in middle‐ and low‐income countries and to determine whether these rates vary between functional limitations associated with disability.Participants and SettingNationally representative samples involving 142,499 children aged 5–14 from 15 countries.MethodsSecondary analysis of data collected in UNICEF's Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys.ResultsOverall children and youth with disability were not at significantly greater risk of exposure than children without disability to child labour when demographic and contextual factors were taken into account. However, children and youth with disability were at significantly greater risk of exposure than children without disability to hazardous child labour (adjusted relative risk [ARR] = 1.15 [1.10–1.21], P < 0.001). Specifically, children and youth with impairments related to poorer mental health or cognitive functioning were at significantly greater risk of exposure to hazardous child labour (e.g., ARR for learning impairment = 1.27 [1.14–1.42], P < 0.001). In contrast, children with impairments related to sensory functioning, mobility and expressive communication were at no greater risk of exposure than children with no disability.ConclusionsChildren and youth with disability are at greater risk of exposure to hazardous child labour than children with no disability in middle‐ and low‐income countries. Responses to eradicate hazardous child labour need to take account of the situation of children and youth with disability.

U2 - 10.1111/cch.12820

DO - 10.1111/cch.12820

M3 - Journal article

VL - 47

SP - 119

EP - 127

JO - Child: Care, Health and Development

JF - Child: Care, Health and Development

SN - 0305-1862

IS - 1

ER -