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Z-Sequence: photometric redshift predictions for galaxy clusters with sequential random k-nearest neighbours: Estimating Photometric Redshifts Of Clusters

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>30/06/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
Number of pages20
Pages (from-to)6078-6097
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date26/03/21
<mark>Original language</mark>English


We introduce Z-Sequence, a novel empirical model that utilizes photometric measurements of observed galaxies within a specified search radius to estimate the photometric redshift of galaxy clusters. Z-Sequence itself is composed of a machine learning ensemble based on the k-nearest neighbours algorithm. We implement an automated feature selection strategy that iteratively determines appropriate combinations of filters and colours to minimize photometric redshift prediction error. We intend for Z-Sequence to be a standalone technique but it can be combined with cluster finders that do not intrinsically predict redshift, such as our own DEEP-CEE. In this proof-of-concept study, we train, fine-tune, and test Z-Sequence on publicly available cluster catalogues derived from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We determine the photometric redshift prediction error of Z-Sequence via the median value of |Δz|/(1 + z⁠) (across a photometric redshift range of 0.05 ≤ z ≤ 0.6) to be ∼0.01 when applying a small search radius. The photometric redshift prediction error for test samples increases by 30–50 per cent when the search radius is enlarged, likely due to line-of-sight interloping galaxies. Eventually, we aim to apply Z-Sequence to upcoming imaging surveys such as the Legacy Survey of Space and Time to provide photometric redshift estimates for large samples of as yet undiscovered and distant clusters.