- Quad-PRSA
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- http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/474/2213/20170652
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Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article

Published

**The correct and unusual coordinate transformation rules for electromagnetic quadrupoles.** / Gratus, Jonathan; Banaszek, Thomas.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article

Gratus, J & Banaszek, T 2018, 'The correct and unusual coordinate transformation rules for electromagnetic quadrupoles', *Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences*, vol. 474, no. 2213, 20170652. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2017.0652

Gratus, J., & Banaszek, T. (2018). The correct and unusual coordinate transformation rules for electromagnetic quadrupoles. *Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences*, *474*(2213), [20170652]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2017.0652

Gratus J, Banaszek T. The correct and unusual coordinate transformation rules for electromagnetic quadrupoles. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 2018 May;474(2213). 20170652. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2017.0652

@article{fb66b92a40904fd89fe390431817bd7b,

title = "The correct and unusual coordinate transformation rules for electromagnetic quadrupoles",

abstract = "Despite being studied for over a century, the use of quadrupoles have been limited to Cartesian coordinates in flat spacetime due to the incorrect transformation rules used to define them. Here the correct transformation rules are derived, which are particularly unusual as they involve second derivatives of the coordinate transformation and an integral. Transformations involving integrals have not been seen before. This is significantly different from the familiar transformation rules for a dipole, where the components transform as tensors. It enables quadrupoles to be correctly defined in general relativity and to prescribe the equations of motion for a quadrupole in a coordinate system adapted to its motion and then transform them to the laboratory coordinates. An example is given of another unusual feature: a quadrupole which is free of dipole terms in polar coordinates has dipole terms in Cartesian coordinates. It is shown that dipoles, electric dipoles, quadrupoles and electric quadrupoles can be defined without reference to a metric and in a coordinates free manner. This is particularly useful given their complicated coordinate transformation.",

keywords = "Tensor distributions, Multipole expansions, DeRham currents, Pre-metric electromagnetism, Coordinate free approach, Electric quadrupoles",

author = "Jonathan Gratus and Thomas Banaszek",

year = "2018",

month = "5",

doi = "10.1098/rspa.2017.0652",

language = "English",

volume = "474",

journal = "Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences",

issn = "1364-5021",

publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry Publishing",

number = "2213",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The correct and unusual coordinate transformation rules for electromagnetic quadrupoles

AU - Gratus, Jonathan

AU - Banaszek, Thomas

PY - 2018/5

Y1 - 2018/5

N2 - Despite being studied for over a century, the use of quadrupoles have been limited to Cartesian coordinates in flat spacetime due to the incorrect transformation rules used to define them. Here the correct transformation rules are derived, which are particularly unusual as they involve second derivatives of the coordinate transformation and an integral. Transformations involving integrals have not been seen before. This is significantly different from the familiar transformation rules for a dipole, where the components transform as tensors. It enables quadrupoles to be correctly defined in general relativity and to prescribe the equations of motion for a quadrupole in a coordinate system adapted to its motion and then transform them to the laboratory coordinates. An example is given of another unusual feature: a quadrupole which is free of dipole terms in polar coordinates has dipole terms in Cartesian coordinates. It is shown that dipoles, electric dipoles, quadrupoles and electric quadrupoles can be defined without reference to a metric and in a coordinates free manner. This is particularly useful given their complicated coordinate transformation.

AB - Despite being studied for over a century, the use of quadrupoles have been limited to Cartesian coordinates in flat spacetime due to the incorrect transformation rules used to define them. Here the correct transformation rules are derived, which are particularly unusual as they involve second derivatives of the coordinate transformation and an integral. Transformations involving integrals have not been seen before. This is significantly different from the familiar transformation rules for a dipole, where the components transform as tensors. It enables quadrupoles to be correctly defined in general relativity and to prescribe the equations of motion for a quadrupole in a coordinate system adapted to its motion and then transform them to the laboratory coordinates. An example is given of another unusual feature: a quadrupole which is free of dipole terms in polar coordinates has dipole terms in Cartesian coordinates. It is shown that dipoles, electric dipoles, quadrupoles and electric quadrupoles can be defined without reference to a metric and in a coordinates free manner. This is particularly useful given their complicated coordinate transformation.

KW - Tensor distributions

KW - Multipole expansions

KW - DeRham currents

KW - Pre-metric electromagnetism

KW - Coordinate free approach

KW - Electric quadrupoles

U2 - 10.1098/rspa.2017.0652

DO - 10.1098/rspa.2017.0652

M3 - Journal article

VL - 474

JO - Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences

SN - 1364-5021

IS - 2213

M1 - 20170652

ER -