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Raffaella Bottini

Research student

Raffaella Bottini

Lancaster University

County South



Office Hours:

Wednesday 3.00-4.00 pm, MS Teams


I am a doctoral researcher at the ESRC Centre for Corpus Approaches to Social Science (CASS), Lancaster University. I research the application of corpus methods to the analysis of vocabulary in L2 English speech to inform language testing and second language acquisition.

More specifically, my current PhD research explores lexical complexity at different proficiency levels in the Trinity Lancaster Corpus, a 4.2-million-word learner corpus of L2 English spoken exams. My research involves 1) advancing a new method for measuring lexical complexity in spoken language and 2) examining the relationships between lexical complexity, learner characteristics, and task design.


I am a member of SLLAT, LTRG and Trinity research groups.

Current Teaching

  • LING326 - Corpus-based English language studies
  • LING531 - Trends and Issues in Language Teaching Methodology (MA TESOL distance)

Previous teaching:

  • LING102 - English Language
  • LING218 - Language and Pedagogic Practice
  • MOOC Corpus Linguistics: Method, Analysis, Interpretation (Deputy lead mentor)
  • Lancaster Summer Schools in Corpus Linguistics


  • PhD Linguistics, ESRC Centre for Corpus Approaches to Social Science, Lancaster University (in progress)
  • QTS - Qualified teacher status, The National College for Teaching and Leadership, UK (2021)
  • AFHEA - Associate Fellowship of Advance Higher Education, UK (2020)
  • MA Applied Linguistics and English Language Teaching, King's College London, UK (2017)
  • MA English Language and Literary Studies, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy (2008)
  • BA Modern Languages and Literary Studies, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy (2007)