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Stefanos Mouzas supervises 5 postgraduate research students. If these students have produced research profiles, these are listed below:

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Professor Stefanos Mouzas


Stefanos Mouzas

Lancaster University

Charles Carter Building



Tel: +44 1524 510986

Research overview

Stefanos Mouzas is Professor at Lancaster University Management School.  His scholarly theme aims to advance our understanding on how the mutuality of advantage is achieved in exchange relationships. Researching grand challenges, such as tackling sustainability, enhancing  resilience, and dealing with uncertainty, his research work examines how firms overcome contract incompleteness through innovative inter-firm arrangements. 

Three analytical pillars underpin his research work:

  • Negotiations
  • Contracts
  • Performance

Professor Mouzas is Associate Editor of the Journal of Business Research.

PhD supervision

PhD applications are welcomed from prospective students interested in the following areas: International Trade Deals, Innovation and Value Creation, Innovative Responses to Climate Change, Resources and Property Rights, Business Opportunity and Valuation, Negotiation and Deal-making, Strategy and Marketing Management, Assessing Business Performance


SFHEA, Ph.D., LL.M, B.Sc.

Research Interests

Research on Negotiations, Contracts and Performance cuts across the inter-disciplinary boundaries of Management (Business-to-Business Research), Law (Contract Law), and Economics (Behavioral Economics). The work is policy-relevant, develops industry-led research perspectives and places emphasis on Sustainability, Business Responses to Climate Change, Innovation, and Performance. The research includes UN Climate Change Negotiations, Manufacturers and Retailers and Service providers. 

Conducting research on Negotiations, Contracts and Performance, Professor Mouzas is involved in the IMP Group which has carried out international studies into the management of large-scale, complex business networks. The group’s interaction approach is based on the importance of understanding the inherent resources and connectivity between active buyers and sellers in business networks. 

Please see papers published in Harvard Business ReviewOrganization StudiesCambridge Law Journal, Journal of Contract Law, Journal of Business ResearchIndustrial Marketing ManagementNegotiation JournalJournal of Customer Behaviour, Journal of Business Market Management, Thexis, Die Betriebswirtschaft - Business Administration Review (BARev)-Journal of Marketing Management, European Journal of Marketing,Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing.


Current Research

Current research concerns the following contemporary challenges:


What Drives Business Transformation

While it is well established that firms innovate and transform themselves in the face of discontinuous change, our knowledge of what drives business transformation remains limited. How and why are firms able to transform themselves? To understand what drives business transformation, we need to look into firms’ abilities to reconfigure resources in order to innovate. Business transformation appears to be a contingent phenomenon that requires the efficacy of interactions between firms within a multiplicity of entitlements. Interactions explain how firms pursue business transformation. Entitlements explain why firms are able to pursue business transformation. A recent work published in the Journal of Business Research offers new insights into the transformative potential of entitlements as a bundle of rightsduties and capabilities that firms possess, acquire, and transfer to other business actors in order to transform their businesses. See What Drives Business Transformation?

 Rethinking Business Performance

Business performance can be synthesized into three potentially reinforcing but also conflicting performance systems: 1) operational efficiency, 2) market effectiveness and 3) financial resilience. These three performance systems enable us  to examine the effect on a) profitability, b) growth and c) solvency. While some specific measures of business performance will suffice in times of stability and growth, they could make firms operating in global value chains vulnerable in times of adversity. See recent work (with Florian BauerRethinking Business Performance in Global Value Chains. 

 UN Climate Change Negotiations

Building on cutting edge knowledge gained in Behavioural Science, Professor Mouzas examines the dynamic process of UN climate negotiations. Specificallly, he examines key obstacles that hinder negotiations at the UN, and offers insights into why it is so challenging to achieve progress on a global agreement to reduce greenhouse gases. Professor Mouzas worked on research related to UN climate change negotiations as a Visiting Scholar at the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School.

Innovative Responses to Climate Change

Climate change represents a significant challenge for our society, one in which businesses will need to play a more active role. Research findings highlight significant discrepancies between the way that CO2 markets are designed and the way that markets actually operate. See the study on "Market-based Responses to Climate Change" published in  Organization Studies (with Gareth Veal). Underpinning research demonstrates that organisations and individuals typicaly focus upon specific, local rules of the game, in terms of remit and time, and tend to elaborate responses to climate change which impact on the creastion of new rules. See study on Changing the rules of the game.   

 Negotiating Deals that Foster Innovation

Empirical research has been conducted on how companies negotiate deals in global business networks. This includes achieving innovation as a process of leveraging resources within international business relationships to achieve differentiation and create sustainable value. See recent study on Innovation in Business Networks:The Role of Leveraging Resources. Business contracts are a critical part in the innovation process; contracts may enable or prevent companies from moving quickly to leveraging their resources.  

Research work on contracts is related to 'A Proposed Taxonomy of Contracts' (with Michael Furmston) published in the Journal of Contract Law and a review of 'Contract Research Today: Where do we Stand?' (with Keith Blois) published in Industrial Marketing Management. The need to secure contracts with other firms may lead many companies to dysfunctional deals which limit their ability to differentiate and innovate in the future. This empirical observation prompted me to investigate a range of international deals, often called umbrella agreements, that foster innovation, see Harvard Business Review. International organizations recognize the importance of umbrella agreements because they optimize the required level of reliance and flexibility in complex business networks. For more details of this work, see 'From Contract to Umbrella Agreement' published in the Cambridge Law Journal (with Michael Furmston). See also  ‘Negotiating Umbrella Agreements’ published in the Negotiation Journal. Empirical findings about the role of Umbrella Agreements in negotiation and dealmaking appear in the Journal of Business Research (with David Ford, at Euromed School of Management, Marseille France).

 Furthermore, see commentary on Hugh Collins' article 'Legal Aspects of Network Architecture of Supply Chains'. Both commentary and article appear in a recent volume on "Networks: Legal Issues of Multilateral Cooperation", edited by G. Teubner and  M. Amstutz, Hart Publications.

The Mediating Role of Consent

Understanding today's business landscape requires us to look beyond the individual choices of organisations and examine the role of consent between interacting organisations. Based on an empirical investigation of manufacturers and retailers and drawing from previous research on business relationships, research in this area detects the mediating role of consent at four levels: 1) as a stratifying process, 2) as recursive practice, 3) as energizing interaction, and 4) as economizing activities, resources and actors. See The Mediating Role of Consent in Business Marketing 

 Managerial Cognition and Innovation

Based on empirical research in consumer goods companies, pharmaceutical companies, producers of semiconductors and telecommunication and utility service providers, we suggest that managers which develop network insight are able to mobilize their resources in business networks and create a competitive advantage for their organizations that is crucial for innovation and growth (see the article on 'Developing Network Insight' as well as the article on  'Changing Network Pictures: Evidence from Mergers and Acquisitions'  both published in the Industrial Marketing Management. 

See Special Issue (edited with Pete Naudé and Stephan Henneberg) on ‘Cognition and Management in Networks’ published in Industrial Marketing Management. Moreover, see recent research on 'Inter-cognitive Representations in Business Networks' that aims at conceptualizing different outcomes, such as manifestations of agreements between business actors, legally binding contracts, industry standards, and regulations which are critical in negotiating international trade deals.

 Effectiveness versus Efficiency in Business Networks 

Empirical research in this area indicates that in periods of low growth, many companies focus on issues of competitive advantage through value appropriation rather than on innovation and the creation of new sustainable growth opportunities. They are solely addressing their operational efficiency and they are neglecting market effectiveness. Research on companies' performance emphasizes the importance of linking efficiency and effectiveness. For details of this work, see the study on Efficiency versus Effectiveness published in the Journal of Business Research.

 Trust & Reliance in Business Networks

One of the particularities of trust is its inherent anthropocentricity. As a concept, trust appears to be more applicable at the level of inter-personal relationships than to inter-organizational relationships. As business relationships involve both inter-personal and inter-organizational relationships, our research demonstrates the need to look at reliance as an incremental intellectual lens on business relationships, see the study on Trust and Reliance in Business Relationships.

 The Constitution of Networks

The idea of a constitution of networks is a useful addition to our ways of understanding what happens within the business landscape.Research in this area looks at the constitution of networks as a system of values, norms, rules and other conventions that are shared by actors in business networks. Whether by intention or not, the constitution of networks provides a framework within which interaction among actors takes place. See empirical insights on The Constitution of Networks published in the Industrial Marketing Management. 

Research involving financial institutions indicates that banks may come to act in a similar way to each other over time without coordination (see, Die Betriebswirtschaft -Business Administration Review (BARev)-.  Current research delivers new transformative insights on 1) the connectivity between financial institutions, and 2) the sources of systemic risk by offering accurate knowledge on the nature of exchange between financial institutions.


Ph.D Supervision

PhD applications are welcomed from prospective students interested in the following areas:

-Negotiations & and Sustainable Deals 

-Resources, Innovation and Value Creation

-Innovative Responses to Climate Change

-Resources and Property Rights

-Business Opportunity and Valuation

-Strategy and Business Marketing

-Assessing Business Performance



Research Grants

 Co-investigator in the Catalyst project (2011-2014); funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPRSC), and brings together academics and communities to jointly imagine and build the next generation of innovative technologies for social change. ESRC Grant (2005); KTP Grant-Knowledge Transfer Partnership between Energy for Sustainable Development Ltd and the University of Bath-(2006); ISBM Fund -Institute for the Study of Business Markets- (2006); Global Innovative Marketing (2006); Pump Priming Grant (2007). KTP Grant-Knowledge Transfer Partnership between Energy Efficiency Company and Lancaster University (in cooperation with Lancaster Environment Centre (J. Faulconbridge) with the objective to investigate carbon trading, offsetting and verifying (2010). 

External Roles

Associate Editor : Journal of Business Research 



Editorial Board Member:

-Journal of Business Research

-International Marketing Review

-Industrial Marketing Management

-Journal of Business and Market Management



Visiting Positions:

-Harvard University, Department of Economics, Cambridge, MA, (2023)

-Harvard University, Harvard Law School, Program on Negotiation, Cambridge, MA, (2013-2014)

-Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden (Fellow of the Mistra Center for Sustainable Markets, (2017-2018) 

-Vienna University of Economics and Business| WU, Austria (2014-2022)

-Bocconi University, Italy (2009)

-University of Duesseldorf, Germany (2010-2014)



Before joining the academe in 2002, Professor Mouzas worked at Kellogg as Head of Brand Management for Germany, Austria and Switzerland. 

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