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Annihilation of an AB/BA interface pair in superfluid helium-3 as a simulation of cosmological brane interaction.

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Annihilation of an AB/BA interface pair in superfluid helium-3 as a simulation of cosmological brane interaction. / Bradley, D. Ian; Fisher, Shaun N.; Guénault, A.M.; Haley, Richard P.; Kopu, Juha; Martin, Hazel; Pickett, George R.; Roberts, John Edward; Tsepelin, Viktor.

In: Philosophical Transactions A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences , Vol. 366, No. 1877, 28.08.2008, p. 2803-2812.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Bradley, DI, Fisher, SN, Guénault, AM, Haley, RP, Kopu, J, Martin, H, Pickett, GR, Roberts, JE & Tsepelin, V 2008, 'Annihilation of an AB/BA interface pair in superfluid helium-3 as a simulation of cosmological brane interaction.', Philosophical Transactions A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences , vol. 366, no. 1877, pp. 2803-2812. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2008.0078

APA

Bradley, D. I., Fisher, S. N., Guénault, A. M., Haley, R. P., Kopu, J., Martin, H., Pickett, G. R., Roberts, J. E., & Tsepelin, V. (2008). Annihilation of an AB/BA interface pair in superfluid helium-3 as a simulation of cosmological brane interaction. Philosophical Transactions A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences , 366(1877), 2803-2812. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2008.0078

Vancouver

Bradley DI, Fisher SN, Guénault AM, Haley RP, Kopu J, Martin H et al. Annihilation of an AB/BA interface pair in superfluid helium-3 as a simulation of cosmological brane interaction. Philosophical Transactions A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences . 2008 Aug 28;366(1877):2803-2812. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2008.0078

Author

Bradley, D. Ian ; Fisher, Shaun N. ; Guénault, A.M. ; Haley, Richard P. ; Kopu, Juha ; Martin, Hazel ; Pickett, George R. ; Roberts, John Edward ; Tsepelin, Viktor. / Annihilation of an AB/BA interface pair in superfluid helium-3 as a simulation of cosmological brane interaction. In: Philosophical Transactions A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences . 2008 ; Vol. 366, No. 1877. pp. 2803-2812.

Bibtex

@article{c62ec6e5b2f94572a6ca5eb16c9adc30,
title = "Annihilation of an AB/BA interface pair in superfluid helium-3 as a simulation of cosmological brane interaction.",
abstract = "This study presents measurements of the transport of quasiparticle excitations in the B phase of superfluid He-3 at temperatures below 0.2Tc. We find that creating and then removing a layer of A-phase superfluid leads to a measurable increase in the thermal impedance of the background B phase. This increase must be due to the survival of defects created as the AB and BA interfaces on either side of the A-phase layer annihilate. We speculate that a new type of defect may have been formed. The highly ordered A B interface may be a good analogy for branes discussed in current cosmology. If so, these experiments may provide insight into how the annihilation of branes can lead to the formation of topological defects such as cosmic strings.",
keywords = "superfluid, helium-3, interface, brane, topological defects, A-phase, B-phase, transition",
author = "Bradley, {D. Ian} and Fisher, {Shaun N.} and A.M. Gu{\'e}nault and Haley, {Richard P.} and Juha Kopu and Hazel Martin and Pickett, {George R.} and Roberts, {John Edward} and Viktor Tsepelin",
year = "2008",
month = aug,
day = "28",
doi = "10.1098/rsta.2008.0078",
language = "English",
volume = "366",
pages = "2803--2812",
journal = "Philosophical Transactions A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences ",
issn = "1364-503X",
publisher = "Royal Society of London",
number = "1877",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Annihilation of an AB/BA interface pair in superfluid helium-3 as a simulation of cosmological brane interaction.

AU - Bradley, D. Ian

AU - Fisher, Shaun N.

AU - Guénault, A.M.

AU - Haley, Richard P.

AU - Kopu, Juha

AU - Martin, Hazel

AU - Pickett, George R.

AU - Roberts, John Edward

AU - Tsepelin, Viktor

PY - 2008/8/28

Y1 - 2008/8/28

N2 - This study presents measurements of the transport of quasiparticle excitations in the B phase of superfluid He-3 at temperatures below 0.2Tc. We find that creating and then removing a layer of A-phase superfluid leads to a measurable increase in the thermal impedance of the background B phase. This increase must be due to the survival of defects created as the AB and BA interfaces on either side of the A-phase layer annihilate. We speculate that a new type of defect may have been formed. The highly ordered A B interface may be a good analogy for branes discussed in current cosmology. If so, these experiments may provide insight into how the annihilation of branes can lead to the formation of topological defects such as cosmic strings.

AB - This study presents measurements of the transport of quasiparticle excitations in the B phase of superfluid He-3 at temperatures below 0.2Tc. We find that creating and then removing a layer of A-phase superfluid leads to a measurable increase in the thermal impedance of the background B phase. This increase must be due to the survival of defects created as the AB and BA interfaces on either side of the A-phase layer annihilate. We speculate that a new type of defect may have been formed. The highly ordered A B interface may be a good analogy for branes discussed in current cosmology. If so, these experiments may provide insight into how the annihilation of branes can lead to the formation of topological defects such as cosmic strings.

KW - superfluid

KW - helium-3

KW - interface

KW - brane

KW - topological defects

KW - A-phase

KW - B-phase

KW - transition

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=47249103746&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1098/rsta.2008.0078

DO - 10.1098/rsta.2008.0078

M3 - Journal article

VL - 366

SP - 2803

EP - 2812

JO - Philosophical Transactions A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences

JF - Philosophical Transactions A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences

SN - 1364-503X

IS - 1877

ER -