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    Rights statement: The final publication is available at Springer via https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10803-020-04771-2

    Accepted author manuscript, 336 KB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 6/11/21

    Available under license: CC BY-NC: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

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Are children with autism more likely to retain object names when learning from colour photographs or black-and-white cartoons?

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>30/09/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Issue number9
Volume51
Number of pages13
Pages (from-to)3050-3062
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date6/11/20
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

For the first time, this study investigated whether children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing (TD) children matched on language comprehension (M age equivalent =  ~ 44 months) are more likely to retain words when learning from colour photographs than black-and-white cartoons. Participants used mutual exclusivity to fast map novel word-picture relationships and retention was assessed following a 5-min delay. Children with ASD achieved significantly greater retention accuracy when learning from photographs rather than cartoons and, surprisingly, responded more accurately than TD children when learning from photographs. Our results demonstrate that children with ASD benefit from greater iconicity when learning words from pictures, providing a data-grounded rationale for using colour photographs when administering picture-based interventions.

Bibliographic note

The final publication is available at Springer via https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10803-020-04771-2