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Complex design of dissipation signals in non-contact atomic force microscopy

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  • J. Bamidele
  • Y. J. Li
  • S. Jarvis
  • Y. Naitoh
  • Y. Sugawara
  • L. Kantorovich
Article number16250
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/12/2012
<mark>Journal</mark>Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number47
Number of pages7
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date22/10/12
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Complex interplay between topography and dissipation signals in Non-Contact Atomic Force Microscopy (NC-AFM) is studied by a combination of state-of-the-art theory and experiment applied to the Si(001) surface prone to instabilities. Considering a wide range of tip-sample separations down to the near-contact regime and several tip models, both stiff and more flexible, a sophisticated architecture of hysteresis loops in the simulated tip force-distance curves is revealed. At small tip-surface distances the dissipation was found to be comprised of two related contributions due to both the surface and tip. These are accompanied by the corresponding surface and tip distortion approach-retraction dynamics. Qualitative conclusions drawn from the theoretical simulations such as large dissipation signals (textgreater1.0 eV) and a step-like dissipation dependent on the tip-surface distance are broadly supported by the experimental observations. In view of the obtained results we also discuss the reproducibility of NC-AFM imaging.