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Cosmic Ray Background Rejection with Wire-Cell LArTPC Event Reconstruction in the MicroBooNE Detector

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Article number064071
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>29/06/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Physical Review Applied
Issue number6
Number of pages30
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


For a large liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) operating on or near the Earth's surface to detect neutrino interactions, the rejection of cosmogenic background is a critical and challenging task because of the large cosmic ray flux and the long drift time of the TPC. We introduce a superior cosmic background rejection procedure based on the Wire-Cell three-dimensional (3D) event reconstruction for LArTPCs. From an initial 1:20,000 neutrino to cosmic-ray background ratio, we demonstrate these tools on data from the MicroBooNE experiment and create a high performance generic neutrino event selection with a cosmic contamination of 14.9\% (9.7\%) for a visible energy region greater than O(200)~MeV. The neutrino interaction selection efficiency is 80.4\% and 87.6\% for inclusive $\nu_\mu$ charged-current and $\nu_e$ charged-current interactions, respectively.

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