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Coulomb blockade electrometer based on single Cooper pair tunneling

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1998
<mark>Journal</mark>Applied Superconductivity
Issue number7
Volume6
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)453-458
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

We have studied the electrometric characteristics of the Bloch transistor, i.e. the structure comprising a double small-capacitance superconductor junction (where both the Josephson and the charging energies, EJ1,2∽EC1,2≫kBT) and an adjacent gate electrode polarizing its island. The transistor bias is realized through small-sized high-ohmic resistors (≫RQ=h/4e2≈6.5 kΩ) to ensure a high electromagnetic impedance of the transistor environment. At low bias current, a coherent flow of single Cooper pairs occurs and the average voltage across the transistor shows a 2e-periodic dependence on the polarization charge Q0. The sensitivity of such an electrometer has been evaluated and found to be comparable to that of the single-electron counterpart. The device has been fabricated with Al/AlOx/Al junctions and two miniature on-chip Cr resistors (each of 80 kΩ and 10μm long) which were located very close to the junctions. We used this device to measure 1/f noise of the background charge and found it to be about 9×10−4e/Hz1/2 at 10Hz.