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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Physics Reports. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Science of the Total Environment, 808, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.149540

    Accepted author manuscript, 1.51 MB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 8/08/22

    Available under license: CC BY-NC-ND: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

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Exploring spatio-temporal variations in environmental impacts from eating out in the United Kingdom

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

E-pub ahead of print
Article number149540
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>20/12/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Science of the Total Environment
Volume801
Number of pages9
Publication StatusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date8/08/21
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

In this study we estimated the environmental burden of eating away from home based on emission factors of food recipes consumed in different regions and countries within the United Kingdom. Food based emissions were expressed in kg CO2 equivalent per capita per week and were calculated based on food consumption data between the years 2001 and 2018. Time series analysis was used to estimate emissions for the years 2019 and 2020 for all study areas. These results were used to estimate the endpoint impacts on human health as well as terrestrial and aquatic species during the study period. Finally, an estimate of the emissions for 2020 was also carried out based on available market data for the first 11 months of the year. This was subsequently compared with the forecasts calculated earlier to observe the impacts of Covid-19 led lockdowns on eating out and hence the emissions. By taking a subnational approach, we aimed to highlight the importance of appreciating similarities and differences among these regions and policy implications thereof. To the best knowledge of the authors this is the first and only study focusing on regional food-based emissions from eating out in the United Kingdom.

Bibliographic note

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Physics Reports. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Science of the Total Environment, 808, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.149540