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Genomic and biological characterization of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from migratory mallards (Anas platyrhynchos)

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Genomic and biological characterization of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from migratory mallards (Anas platyrhynchos). / Habib, Momena; Yaqub, Tahir; Nazir, Jawad; Shehzad, Wasim; Aziz-Ul-Rahman; Sohail, Tayyebah; Mukhtar, Nadia; Mehboob, Arsalan; Munir, Muhammad; Shabbir, Muhammad Zubair.

In: Archives of Virology, Vol. 163, No. 8, 08.2018, p. 2179-2188.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Habib, M, Yaqub, T, Nazir, J, Shehzad, W, Aziz-Ul-Rahman, Sohail, T, Mukhtar, N, Mehboob, A, Munir, M & Shabbir, MZ 2018, 'Genomic and biological characterization of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from migratory mallards (Anas platyrhynchos)', Archives of Virology, vol. 163, no. 8, pp. 2179-2188. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-018-3840-8

APA

Habib, M., Yaqub, T., Nazir, J., Shehzad, W., Aziz-Ul-Rahman, Sohail, T., Mukhtar, N., Mehboob, A., Munir, M., & Shabbir, M. Z. (2018). Genomic and biological characterization of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from migratory mallards (Anas platyrhynchos). Archives of Virology, 163(8), 2179-2188. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-018-3840-8

Vancouver

Habib M, Yaqub T, Nazir J, Shehzad W, Aziz-Ul-Rahman, Sohail T et al. Genomic and biological characterization of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from migratory mallards (Anas platyrhynchos). Archives of Virology. 2018 Aug;163(8):2179-2188. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-018-3840-8

Author

Habib, Momena ; Yaqub, Tahir ; Nazir, Jawad ; Shehzad, Wasim ; Aziz-Ul-Rahman ; Sohail, Tayyebah ; Mukhtar, Nadia ; Mehboob, Arsalan ; Munir, Muhammad ; Shabbir, Muhammad Zubair. / Genomic and biological characterization of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from migratory mallards (Anas platyrhynchos). In: Archives of Virology. 2018 ; Vol. 163, No. 8. pp. 2179-2188.

Bibtex

@article{65ed92231f704f7f8fd6e165bfdc9de2,
title = "Genomic and biological characterization of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from migratory mallards (Anas platyrhynchos)",
abstract = "Given the global evolutionary dynamics of Newcastle disease viruses (NDVs), it is imperative to continue extensive surveillance, routine monitoring and characterization of isolates originating from natural reservoirs (waterfowls). In this report, we isolated and characterized two virulent NDV strains from clinically healthy mallard (Anas platyrhynchos). Both isolates had a genome of 15,192 nucleotides encoding six genes in an order of 3´-NP-P-M-F-HN-L-5´. The biological characteristics (mean death time: 49.5-50 hr, EID50108.5 ml-1) and presence of a typical cleavage site in the fusion (F) protein (112R-R-Q-K-R↓F117) confirmed the velogenic nature of these isolates. Phylogenetic analysis classified both isolates as members of genotype VII within class-II. Furthermore, based upon the hypervariable region of the F gene (375 nt), isolates showed clustering within sub-genotype VIIi. Similarity index and parallel comparison revealed a higher nucleotide divergence from commonly used vaccine strains; LaSota (21%) and Mukteswar (17%). A comparative residues analysis with representative strains of different genotypes, including vaccine strains, revealed a number of substitutions at important structural and functional domains within the F and hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) proteins. Together, the results highlight consistent evolution among circulating NDVs supporting extensive surveillance of the virus in waterfowl to better elucidate epidemiology, evolutionary relationships and their impacts on commercial and backyard poultry.",
keywords = "Newcastle disease viruses, Genotype VII, Mallard, Molecular characterization, 35 Genome, Pakistan",
author = "Momena Habib and Tahir Yaqub and Jawad Nazir and Wasim Shehzad and Aziz-Ul-Rahman and Tayyebah Sohail and Nadia Mukhtar and Arsalan Mehboob and Muhammad Munir and Shabbir, {Muhammad Zubair}",
note = "The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-018-3840-8",
year = "2018",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1007/s00705-018-3840-8",
language = "English",
volume = "163",
pages = "2179--2188",
journal = "Archives of Virology",
issn = "0304-8608",
publisher = "Springer-Verlag Wien",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Genomic and biological characterization of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from migratory mallards (Anas platyrhynchos)

AU - Habib, Momena

AU - Yaqub, Tahir

AU - Nazir, Jawad

AU - Shehzad, Wasim

AU - Aziz-Ul-Rahman, null

AU - Sohail, Tayyebah

AU - Mukhtar, Nadia

AU - Mehboob, Arsalan

AU - Munir, Muhammad

AU - Shabbir, Muhammad Zubair

N1 - The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-018-3840-8

PY - 2018/8

Y1 - 2018/8

N2 - Given the global evolutionary dynamics of Newcastle disease viruses (NDVs), it is imperative to continue extensive surveillance, routine monitoring and characterization of isolates originating from natural reservoirs (waterfowls). In this report, we isolated and characterized two virulent NDV strains from clinically healthy mallard (Anas platyrhynchos). Both isolates had a genome of 15,192 nucleotides encoding six genes in an order of 3´-NP-P-M-F-HN-L-5´. The biological characteristics (mean death time: 49.5-50 hr, EID50108.5 ml-1) and presence of a typical cleavage site in the fusion (F) protein (112R-R-Q-K-R↓F117) confirmed the velogenic nature of these isolates. Phylogenetic analysis classified both isolates as members of genotype VII within class-II. Furthermore, based upon the hypervariable region of the F gene (375 nt), isolates showed clustering within sub-genotype VIIi. Similarity index and parallel comparison revealed a higher nucleotide divergence from commonly used vaccine strains; LaSota (21%) and Mukteswar (17%). A comparative residues analysis with representative strains of different genotypes, including vaccine strains, revealed a number of substitutions at important structural and functional domains within the F and hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) proteins. Together, the results highlight consistent evolution among circulating NDVs supporting extensive surveillance of the virus in waterfowl to better elucidate epidemiology, evolutionary relationships and their impacts on commercial and backyard poultry.

AB - Given the global evolutionary dynamics of Newcastle disease viruses (NDVs), it is imperative to continue extensive surveillance, routine monitoring and characterization of isolates originating from natural reservoirs (waterfowls). In this report, we isolated and characterized two virulent NDV strains from clinically healthy mallard (Anas platyrhynchos). Both isolates had a genome of 15,192 nucleotides encoding six genes in an order of 3´-NP-P-M-F-HN-L-5´. The biological characteristics (mean death time: 49.5-50 hr, EID50108.5 ml-1) and presence of a typical cleavage site in the fusion (F) protein (112R-R-Q-K-R↓F117) confirmed the velogenic nature of these isolates. Phylogenetic analysis classified both isolates as members of genotype VII within class-II. Furthermore, based upon the hypervariable region of the F gene (375 nt), isolates showed clustering within sub-genotype VIIi. Similarity index and parallel comparison revealed a higher nucleotide divergence from commonly used vaccine strains; LaSota (21%) and Mukteswar (17%). A comparative residues analysis with representative strains of different genotypes, including vaccine strains, revealed a number of substitutions at important structural and functional domains within the F and hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) proteins. Together, the results highlight consistent evolution among circulating NDVs supporting extensive surveillance of the virus in waterfowl to better elucidate epidemiology, evolutionary relationships and their impacts on commercial and backyard poultry.

KW - Newcastle disease viruses

KW - Genotype VII

KW - Mallard

KW - Molecular characterization

KW - 35 Genome

KW - Pakistan

U2 - 10.1007/s00705-018-3840-8

DO - 10.1007/s00705-018-3840-8

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29707734

VL - 163

SP - 2179

EP - 2188

JO - Archives of Virology

JF - Archives of Virology

SN - 0304-8608

IS - 8

ER -