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Improving topological cluster reconstruction using calorimeter cell timing in ATLAS

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • ATLAS Collaboration
Article number455
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>3/05/2024
<mark>Journal</mark>European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields
Issue number5
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Clusters of topologically connected calorimeter cells around cells with large absolute signal-to-noise ratio (topo-clusters) are the basis for calorimeter signal reconstruction in the ATLAS experiment. Topological cell clustering has proven performant in LHC Runs 1 and 2. It is, however, susceptible to out-of-time pile-up of signals from soft collisions outside the 25 ns proton-bunch-crossing window associated with the event’s hard collision. To reduce this effect, a calorimeter-cell timing criterion was added to the signal-to-noise ratio requirement in the clustering algorithm. Multiple versions of this criterion were tested by reconstructing hadronic signals in simulated events and Run 2 ATLAS data. The preferred version is found to reduce the out-of-time pile-up jet multiplicity by $${\sim }50\%$$ ∼ 50 % for jet $$p_{\textrm{T}}\sim 20$$ p T ∼ 20 GeV and by $${\sim }80\%$$ ∼ 80 % for jet $$p_{\textrm{T}} \gtrsim 50$$ p T ≳ 50 GeV, while not disrupting the reconstruction of hadronic signals of interest, and improving the jet energy resolution by up to 5% for $$20< p_{\textrm{T}} < 30$$ 20 < p T < 30 GeV. Pile-up is also suppressed for other physics objects based on topo-clusters (electrons, photons, $$\tau $$ τ -leptons), reducing the overall event size on disk by about $$6\%$$ 6 % in early Run 3 pile-up conditions. Offline reconstruction for Run 3 includes the timing requirement.