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Interplanetary magnetic field control of the ionospheric field-aligned current and convection distributions

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Interplanetary magnetic field control of the ionospheric field-aligned current and convection distributions. / Juusola, L.; Milan, S. E.; Lester, Mark; Grocott, Adrian; Imber, S. M.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, No. 4, 04.2014, p. 3130–3149.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Juusola, L, Milan, SE, Lester, M, Grocott, A & Imber, SM 2014, 'Interplanetary magnetic field control of the ionospheric field-aligned current and convection distributions', Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol. 119, no. 4, pp. 3130–3149. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JA019455

APA

Juusola, L., Milan, S. E., Lester, M., Grocott, A., & Imber, S. M. (2014). Interplanetary magnetic field control of the ionospheric field-aligned current and convection distributions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 119(4), 3130–3149. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JA019455

Vancouver

Juusola L, Milan SE, Lester M, Grocott A, Imber SM. Interplanetary magnetic field control of the ionospheric field-aligned current and convection distributions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2014 Apr;119(4):3130–3149. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JA019455

Author

Juusola, L. ; Milan, S. E. ; Lester, Mark ; Grocott, Adrian ; Imber, S. M. / Interplanetary magnetic field control of the ionospheric field-aligned current and convection distributions. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2014 ; Vol. 119, No. 4. pp. 3130–3149.

Bibtex

@article{576f3fd8990e4e87842514afa4994ff9,
title = "Interplanetary magnetic field control of the ionospheric field-aligned current and convection distributions",
abstract = "Patterns of the high-latitude ionospheric convection and field-aligned current (FAC) are a manifestation of the solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling. By observing them we can acquire information on magnetopause reconnection, a process through which solar wind energy enters the magnetosphere. We use over 10 years of magnetic field and convection data from the CHAMP satellite and Super Dual Auroral Radar Network radars, respectively, to display combined distributions of the FACs and convection for different interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) orientations and amplitudes. During southward IMF, convection follows the established two-cell pattern with associated Region 1 and Region 2 FACs, indicating subsolar reconnection. During northward IMF, superposed on a weak two-cell pattern there is a reversed two-cell pattern with associated Region 0 and Region 1 FACs on the dayside, indicating lobe reconnection. For dominant IMF Bx, the sign of Bz determines whether lobe or subsolar reconnection signatures will be observed, but Bx will weaken the signatures compared to pure northward or southward IMF. When the IMF rotates from northward to duskward or dawnward, the distinct reversed and forward two-cell patterns start to merge into a distorted two-cell pattern. This is in agreement with the IMF By displacing the reconnection location from the open lobe field lines to closed dawn or dusk field lines, even though IMF Bz>0. As the IMF continues to rotate southward, the distorted pattern transforms smoothly to that of the symmetric two-cell pattern. While the IMF direction determines the configuration of the FACs and convection, the IMF amplitude affects their intensity.",
keywords = "field-aligned current (FAC), convection, interplanetary magnetic field (IMF), dayside reconnection",
author = "L. Juusola and Milan, {S. E.} and Mark Lester and Adrian Grocott and Imber, {S. M.}",
note = "{\textcopyright}2014. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.",
year = "2014",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1002/2013JA019455",
language = "English",
volume = "119",
pages = "3130–3149",
journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics",
issn = "2169-9402",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interplanetary magnetic field control of the ionospheric field-aligned current and convection distributions

AU - Juusola, L.

AU - Milan, S. E.

AU - Lester, Mark

AU - Grocott, Adrian

AU - Imber, S. M.

N1 - ©2014. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

PY - 2014/4

Y1 - 2014/4

N2 - Patterns of the high-latitude ionospheric convection and field-aligned current (FAC) are a manifestation of the solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling. By observing them we can acquire information on magnetopause reconnection, a process through which solar wind energy enters the magnetosphere. We use over 10 years of magnetic field and convection data from the CHAMP satellite and Super Dual Auroral Radar Network radars, respectively, to display combined distributions of the FACs and convection for different interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) orientations and amplitudes. During southward IMF, convection follows the established two-cell pattern with associated Region 1 and Region 2 FACs, indicating subsolar reconnection. During northward IMF, superposed on a weak two-cell pattern there is a reversed two-cell pattern with associated Region 0 and Region 1 FACs on the dayside, indicating lobe reconnection. For dominant IMF Bx, the sign of Bz determines whether lobe or subsolar reconnection signatures will be observed, but Bx will weaken the signatures compared to pure northward or southward IMF. When the IMF rotates from northward to duskward or dawnward, the distinct reversed and forward two-cell patterns start to merge into a distorted two-cell pattern. This is in agreement with the IMF By displacing the reconnection location from the open lobe field lines to closed dawn or dusk field lines, even though IMF Bz>0. As the IMF continues to rotate southward, the distorted pattern transforms smoothly to that of the symmetric two-cell pattern. While the IMF direction determines the configuration of the FACs and convection, the IMF amplitude affects their intensity.

AB - Patterns of the high-latitude ionospheric convection and field-aligned current (FAC) are a manifestation of the solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling. By observing them we can acquire information on magnetopause reconnection, a process through which solar wind energy enters the magnetosphere. We use over 10 years of magnetic field and convection data from the CHAMP satellite and Super Dual Auroral Radar Network radars, respectively, to display combined distributions of the FACs and convection for different interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) orientations and amplitudes. During southward IMF, convection follows the established two-cell pattern with associated Region 1 and Region 2 FACs, indicating subsolar reconnection. During northward IMF, superposed on a weak two-cell pattern there is a reversed two-cell pattern with associated Region 0 and Region 1 FACs on the dayside, indicating lobe reconnection. For dominant IMF Bx, the sign of Bz determines whether lobe or subsolar reconnection signatures will be observed, but Bx will weaken the signatures compared to pure northward or southward IMF. When the IMF rotates from northward to duskward or dawnward, the distinct reversed and forward two-cell patterns start to merge into a distorted two-cell pattern. This is in agreement with the IMF By displacing the reconnection location from the open lobe field lines to closed dawn or dusk field lines, even though IMF Bz>0. As the IMF continues to rotate southward, the distorted pattern transforms smoothly to that of the symmetric two-cell pattern. While the IMF direction determines the configuration of the FACs and convection, the IMF amplitude affects their intensity.

KW - field-aligned current (FAC)

KW - convection

KW - interplanetary magnetic field (IMF)

KW - dayside reconnection

U2 - 10.1002/2013JA019455

DO - 10.1002/2013JA019455

M3 - Journal article

VL - 119

SP - 3130

EP - 3149

JO - Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

JF - Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

SN - 2169-9402

IS - 4

ER -