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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Solids and Structures. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Solids and Structures, ??, ?, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2016.02.006

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Mobility of a class of perforated polyhedra

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>15/05/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>International Journal of Solids and Structures
Volume85-86
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)105-113
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date15/02/16
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

A class of over-braced but typically flexible body-hinge frameworks is described. They are based on polyhedra with rigid faces where an independent subset of faces has been replaced by a set of holes. The contact polyhedron C describing the bodies (vertices of C) and their connecting joints (edges of C) is derived by subdivision of the edges of an underlying cubic polyhedron. Symmetry calculations detect flexibility not revealed by counting alone. A generic symmetry-extended version of the Grübler-Kutzbach mobility counting rule accounts for the net mobilities of infinite families of this type (based on subdivisions of prisms, wedges, barrels, and some general inflations of a parent polyhedron). The prisms with all faces even and all barrels are found to generate flexible perforated polyhedra under the subdivision construction.

The investigation was inspired by a question raised by Walter Whiteley about a perforated polyhedron with a unique mechanism reducing octahedral to tetrahedral symmetry. It turns out that the perforated polyhedron with highest (Oh) point-group symmetry based on subdivision of the cube is mechanically equivalent to the Hoberman Switch-Pitch toy. Both objects exhibit an exactly similar mechanism that preserves Td subgroup symmetry over a finite range; this mechanism survives in two variants suggested by Bob Connelly and Barbara Heys that have the same contact graph, but lower initial maximum symmetry.

Bibliographic note

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Solids and Structures. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Solids and Structures, ??, ?, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2016.02.006