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Modeling the compressibility of Saturn’s magnetosphere in response to internal and external influences

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Modeling the compressibility of Saturn’s magnetosphere in response to internal and external influences. / Sorba, Arianna; Achilleos, Nicholas; Guio, P.; Arridge, Christopher Stephen; Pilkington, N. M.; Masters, Adam; Sergis, Nicholas; Coates, A. J.; Dougherty, M. K.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 122, No. 2, 02.2017, p. 1572-1589.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Sorba, A, Achilleos, N, Guio, P, Arridge, CS, Pilkington, NM, Masters, A, Sergis, N, Coates, AJ & Dougherty, MK 2017, 'Modeling the compressibility of Saturn’s magnetosphere in response to internal and external influences', Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol. 122, no. 2, pp. 1572-1589. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023544

APA

Sorba, A., Achilleos, N., Guio, P., Arridge, C. S., Pilkington, N. M., Masters, A., Sergis, N., Coates, A. J., & Dougherty, M. K. (2017). Modeling the compressibility of Saturn’s magnetosphere in response to internal and external influences. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122(2), 1572-1589. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023544

Vancouver

Sorba A, Achilleos N, Guio P, Arridge CS, Pilkington NM, Masters A et al. Modeling the compressibility of Saturn’s magnetosphere in response to internal and external influences. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2017 Feb;122(2):1572-1589. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023544

Author

Sorba, Arianna ; Achilleos, Nicholas ; Guio, P. ; Arridge, Christopher Stephen ; Pilkington, N. M. ; Masters, Adam ; Sergis, Nicholas ; Coates, A. J. ; Dougherty, M. K. / Modeling the compressibility of Saturn’s magnetosphere in response to internal and external influences. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2017 ; Vol. 122, No. 2. pp. 1572-1589.

Bibtex

@article{bb8ac7c9264340fe90c62df714af9221,
title = "Modeling the compressibility of Saturn{\textquoteright}s magnetosphere in response to internal and external influences",
abstract = "The location of a planetary magnetopause is principally determined by the balance between solar wind dynamic pressure DP and magnetic and plasma pressures inside the magnetopause boundary. Previous empirical studies assumed that Saturn's magnetopause standoff distance varies as math formula and measured a constant compressibility parameter α corresponding to behavior intermediate between a vacuum dipole appropriate for Earth (α≈6) and a more easily compressible case appropriate for Jupiter (α≈4). In this study we employ a 2-D force balance model of Saturn's magnetosphere to investigate magnetospheric compressibility in response to changes in DP and global hot plasma content. For hot plasma levels compatible with Saturn observations, we model the magnetosphere at a range of standoff distances and estimate the corresponding DP values by assuming pressure balance across the magnetopause boundary. We find that for “average” hot plasma levels, our estimates of α are not constant with DP but vary from ∼4.8 for high DP conditions, when the magnetosphere is compressed (≤25 RS), to ∼3.5 for low DP conditions. This corresponds to the magnetosphere becoming more easily compressible as it expands. We find that the global hot plasma content influences magnetospheric compressibility even at fixed DP, with α estimates ranging from ∼5.4 to ∼3.3 across the range of our parameterized hot plasma content. We suggest that this behavior is predominantly driven by reconfiguration of the magnetospheric magnetic field into a more disk-like structure under such conditions. In a broader context, the compressibility of the magnetopause reveals information about global stress balance in the magnetosphere.",
author = "Arianna Sorba and Nicholas Achilleos and P. Guio and Arridge, {Christopher Stephen} and Pilkington, {N. M.} and Adam Masters and Nicholas Sergis and Coates, {A. J.} and Dougherty, {M. K.}",
year = "2017",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1002/2016JA023544",
language = "English",
volume = "122",
pages = "1572--1589",
journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics",
issn = "2169-9402",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modeling the compressibility of Saturn’s magnetosphere in response to internal and external influences

AU - Sorba, Arianna

AU - Achilleos, Nicholas

AU - Guio, P.

AU - Arridge, Christopher Stephen

AU - Pilkington, N. M.

AU - Masters, Adam

AU - Sergis, Nicholas

AU - Coates, A. J.

AU - Dougherty, M. K.

PY - 2017/2

Y1 - 2017/2

N2 - The location of a planetary magnetopause is principally determined by the balance between solar wind dynamic pressure DP and magnetic and plasma pressures inside the magnetopause boundary. Previous empirical studies assumed that Saturn's magnetopause standoff distance varies as math formula and measured a constant compressibility parameter α corresponding to behavior intermediate between a vacuum dipole appropriate for Earth (α≈6) and a more easily compressible case appropriate for Jupiter (α≈4). In this study we employ a 2-D force balance model of Saturn's magnetosphere to investigate magnetospheric compressibility in response to changes in DP and global hot plasma content. For hot plasma levels compatible with Saturn observations, we model the magnetosphere at a range of standoff distances and estimate the corresponding DP values by assuming pressure balance across the magnetopause boundary. We find that for “average” hot plasma levels, our estimates of α are not constant with DP but vary from ∼4.8 for high DP conditions, when the magnetosphere is compressed (≤25 RS), to ∼3.5 for low DP conditions. This corresponds to the magnetosphere becoming more easily compressible as it expands. We find that the global hot plasma content influences magnetospheric compressibility even at fixed DP, with α estimates ranging from ∼5.4 to ∼3.3 across the range of our parameterized hot plasma content. We suggest that this behavior is predominantly driven by reconfiguration of the magnetospheric magnetic field into a more disk-like structure under such conditions. In a broader context, the compressibility of the magnetopause reveals information about global stress balance in the magnetosphere.

AB - The location of a planetary magnetopause is principally determined by the balance between solar wind dynamic pressure DP and magnetic and plasma pressures inside the magnetopause boundary. Previous empirical studies assumed that Saturn's magnetopause standoff distance varies as math formula and measured a constant compressibility parameter α corresponding to behavior intermediate between a vacuum dipole appropriate for Earth (α≈6) and a more easily compressible case appropriate for Jupiter (α≈4). In this study we employ a 2-D force balance model of Saturn's magnetosphere to investigate magnetospheric compressibility in response to changes in DP and global hot plasma content. For hot plasma levels compatible with Saturn observations, we model the magnetosphere at a range of standoff distances and estimate the corresponding DP values by assuming pressure balance across the magnetopause boundary. We find that for “average” hot plasma levels, our estimates of α are not constant with DP but vary from ∼4.8 for high DP conditions, when the magnetosphere is compressed (≤25 RS), to ∼3.5 for low DP conditions. This corresponds to the magnetosphere becoming more easily compressible as it expands. We find that the global hot plasma content influences magnetospheric compressibility even at fixed DP, with α estimates ranging from ∼5.4 to ∼3.3 across the range of our parameterized hot plasma content. We suggest that this behavior is predominantly driven by reconfiguration of the magnetospheric magnetic field into a more disk-like structure under such conditions. In a broader context, the compressibility of the magnetopause reveals information about global stress balance in the magnetosphere.

U2 - 10.1002/2016JA023544

DO - 10.1002/2016JA023544

M3 - Journal article

VL - 122

SP - 1572

EP - 1589

JO - Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

JF - Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

SN - 2169-9402

IS - 2

ER -