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  • schomerus2020nonreciprocal

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Nonreciprocal response theory of non-Hermitian mechanical metamaterials: response phase transition from the skin effect of zero modes

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>17/01/2020
<mark>Journal</mark>Physical Review Research
Number of pages6
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Nonreciprocal non-Hermitian systems provide an unconventional localization mechanism of topological zero modes via the non-Hermitian skin effect. While fundamental theoretical characterizations of this effect involve the biorthogonal system of right and left eigenmodes, the recent demonstration of this effect for a zero mode in a robotic metamaterial (Ghatak et al., arXiv:1907.11619) is based on the direct experimental observation of the conventional right eigenvectors. Here I show that such nonreciprocal mechanical metamaterials reveal their underlying biorthogonality in the directly observable response of the system to external excitation. Applied to the experiment, this nonreciprocal response theory predicts that the zero-mode skin effect coincides with an extended phase where the system is highly sensitive to physical perturbations, leading to a diverging response in the limit of a large system.