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    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: S. Bera, T. Martynec, H. Schomerus, F. Heidrich‐Meisner, J. H. Bardarson, ANNALEN DER PHYSIK 2017, 529, 1600356. https://doi.org/10.1002/andp.201600356 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/andp.201600356 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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One-particle density matrix characterization of many-body localization

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One-particle density matrix characterization of many-body localization. / Bera, Soumya; Martynec, Thomas; Schomerus, Henning Ulrich; Heidrich-Meisner, Fabian; Bardarson, Jens H.

In: Annalen der Physik, Vol. 529, No. 7, 1600356, 07.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Bera, S, Martynec, T, Schomerus, HU, Heidrich-Meisner, F & Bardarson, JH 2017, 'One-particle density matrix characterization of many-body localization', Annalen der Physik, vol. 529, no. 7, 1600356. https://doi.org/10.1002/andp.201600356

APA

Bera, S., Martynec, T., Schomerus, H. U., Heidrich-Meisner, F., & Bardarson, J. H. (2017). One-particle density matrix characterization of many-body localization. Annalen der Physik, 529(7), [1600356]. https://doi.org/10.1002/andp.201600356

Vancouver

Bera S, Martynec T, Schomerus HU, Heidrich-Meisner F, Bardarson JH. One-particle density matrix characterization of many-body localization. Annalen der Physik. 2017 Jul;529(7). 1600356. https://doi.org/10.1002/andp.201600356

Author

Bera, Soumya ; Martynec, Thomas ; Schomerus, Henning Ulrich ; Heidrich-Meisner, Fabian ; Bardarson, Jens H. / One-particle density matrix characterization of many-body localization. In: Annalen der Physik. 2017 ; Vol. 529, No. 7.

Bibtex

@article{ec05d8d1f7384e95a9a88a744c7d4b42,
title = "One-particle density matrix characterization of many-body localization",
abstract = "We study interacting fermions in one dimension subject to random, uncorrelated onsite disorder, a paradigmatic model of many‐body localization (MBL). This model realizes an interaction‐driven quantum phase transition between an ergodic and a many‐body localized phase, with the transition occurring in the many‐body eigenstates. We propose a single‐particle framework to characterize these phases by the eigenstates (the natural orbitals) and the eigenvalues (the occupation spectrum) of the one‐particle density matrix (OPDM) in individual many‐body eigenstates. As a main result, we find that the natural orbitals are localized in the MBL phase, but delocalized in the ergodic phase. This qualitative change in these single‐particle states is a many‐body effect, since without interactions the single‐particle energy eigenstates are all localized. The occupation spectrum in the ergodic phase is thermal in agreement with the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis, while in the MBL phase the occupations preserve a discontinuity at an emergent Fermi edge. This suggests that the MBL eigenstates are weakly dressed Slater determinants, with the eigenstates of the underlying Anderson problem as reference states. We discuss the statistical properties of the natural orbitals and of the occupation spectrum in the two phases and as the transition is approached. Our results are consistent with the existing picture of emergent integrability and localized integrals of motion, or quasiparticles, in the MBL phase. We emphasize the close analogy of the MBL phase to a zero‐temperature Fermi liquid: in the studied model, the MBL phase is adiabatically connected to the Anderson insulator and the occupation‐spectrum discontinuity directly indicates the presence of quasiparticles localized in real space. Finally, we show that the same picture emerges for interacting fermions in the presence of an experimentally‐relevant bichromatic lattice and thereby demonstrate that our findings are not limited to a specific model.",
keywords = "many-body localization, disorder, quantum phase transitions",
author = "Soumya Bera and Thomas Martynec and Schomerus, {Henning Ulrich} and Fabian Heidrich-Meisner and Bardarson, {Jens H.}",
note = "This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: S. Bera, T. Martynec, H. Schomerus, F. Heidrich‐Meisner, J. H. Bardarson, ANNALEN DER PHYSIK 2017, 529, 1600356. https://doi.org/10.1002/andp.201600356 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/andp.201600356 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.",
year = "2017",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1002/andp.201600356",
language = "English",
volume = "529",
journal = "Annalen der Physik",
issn = "0003-3804",
publisher = "Wiley-VCH Verlag",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - One-particle density matrix characterization of many-body localization

AU - Bera, Soumya

AU - Martynec, Thomas

AU - Schomerus, Henning Ulrich

AU - Heidrich-Meisner, Fabian

AU - Bardarson, Jens H.

N1 - This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: S. Bera, T. Martynec, H. Schomerus, F. Heidrich‐Meisner, J. H. Bardarson, ANNALEN DER PHYSIK 2017, 529, 1600356. https://doi.org/10.1002/andp.201600356 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/andp.201600356 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

PY - 2017/7

Y1 - 2017/7

N2 - We study interacting fermions in one dimension subject to random, uncorrelated onsite disorder, a paradigmatic model of many‐body localization (MBL). This model realizes an interaction‐driven quantum phase transition between an ergodic and a many‐body localized phase, with the transition occurring in the many‐body eigenstates. We propose a single‐particle framework to characterize these phases by the eigenstates (the natural orbitals) and the eigenvalues (the occupation spectrum) of the one‐particle density matrix (OPDM) in individual many‐body eigenstates. As a main result, we find that the natural orbitals are localized in the MBL phase, but delocalized in the ergodic phase. This qualitative change in these single‐particle states is a many‐body effect, since without interactions the single‐particle energy eigenstates are all localized. The occupation spectrum in the ergodic phase is thermal in agreement with the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis, while in the MBL phase the occupations preserve a discontinuity at an emergent Fermi edge. This suggests that the MBL eigenstates are weakly dressed Slater determinants, with the eigenstates of the underlying Anderson problem as reference states. We discuss the statistical properties of the natural orbitals and of the occupation spectrum in the two phases and as the transition is approached. Our results are consistent with the existing picture of emergent integrability and localized integrals of motion, or quasiparticles, in the MBL phase. We emphasize the close analogy of the MBL phase to a zero‐temperature Fermi liquid: in the studied model, the MBL phase is adiabatically connected to the Anderson insulator and the occupation‐spectrum discontinuity directly indicates the presence of quasiparticles localized in real space. Finally, we show that the same picture emerges for interacting fermions in the presence of an experimentally‐relevant bichromatic lattice and thereby demonstrate that our findings are not limited to a specific model.

AB - We study interacting fermions in one dimension subject to random, uncorrelated onsite disorder, a paradigmatic model of many‐body localization (MBL). This model realizes an interaction‐driven quantum phase transition between an ergodic and a many‐body localized phase, with the transition occurring in the many‐body eigenstates. We propose a single‐particle framework to characterize these phases by the eigenstates (the natural orbitals) and the eigenvalues (the occupation spectrum) of the one‐particle density matrix (OPDM) in individual many‐body eigenstates. As a main result, we find that the natural orbitals are localized in the MBL phase, but delocalized in the ergodic phase. This qualitative change in these single‐particle states is a many‐body effect, since without interactions the single‐particle energy eigenstates are all localized. The occupation spectrum in the ergodic phase is thermal in agreement with the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis, while in the MBL phase the occupations preserve a discontinuity at an emergent Fermi edge. This suggests that the MBL eigenstates are weakly dressed Slater determinants, with the eigenstates of the underlying Anderson problem as reference states. We discuss the statistical properties of the natural orbitals and of the occupation spectrum in the two phases and as the transition is approached. Our results are consistent with the existing picture of emergent integrability and localized integrals of motion, or quasiparticles, in the MBL phase. We emphasize the close analogy of the MBL phase to a zero‐temperature Fermi liquid: in the studied model, the MBL phase is adiabatically connected to the Anderson insulator and the occupation‐spectrum discontinuity directly indicates the presence of quasiparticles localized in real space. Finally, we show that the same picture emerges for interacting fermions in the presence of an experimentally‐relevant bichromatic lattice and thereby demonstrate that our findings are not limited to a specific model.

KW - many-body localization

KW - disorder

KW - quantum phase transitions

U2 - 10.1002/andp.201600356

DO - 10.1002/andp.201600356

M3 - Journal article

VL - 529

JO - Annalen der Physik

JF - Annalen der Physik

SN - 0003-3804

IS - 7

M1 - 1600356

ER -