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Random-walk approximation to vacuum cocycles

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>04/2010
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of the London Mathematical Society
Issue number2
Number of pages23
Pages (from-to)412-434
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Quantum random walks are constructed on operator spaces with the aid of matrix-space lifting, a type of ampliation intermediate between those provided by spatial and ultraweak tensor products. Using a form of Wiener–Ito decomposition, a Donsker-type theorem is proved, showing that these walks, after suitable scaling, converge in a strong sense to vacuum cocycles: these are vacuum-adapted processes that are Feller cocycles in the sense of Lindsay and Wills. This is employed to give a new proof of the existence of ∗-homomorphic quantum-stochastic dilations for completely positive contraction semigroups on von Neumann algebras and separable unital C∗ algebras. The analogous approximation result is also established within the standard quantum stochastic framework, using the link between the two types of adaptedness.