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Statistical evaluation of toxicological assays: Dunnett or Williams test? − take both

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Statistical evaluation of toxicological assays : Dunnett or Williams test? − take both. / Jaki, Thomas; Hothorn, Ludwig A.

In: Archives of Toxicology, Vol. 87, No. 11, 11.2013, p. 1901-1910.

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Jaki, Thomas ; Hothorn, Ludwig A. / Statistical evaluation of toxicological assays : Dunnett or Williams test? − take both. In: Archives of Toxicology. 2013 ; Vol. 87, No. 11. pp. 1901-1910.

Bibtex

@article{5c3701f026e7408295c93abbd1f3b4a4,
title = "Statistical evaluation of toxicological assays: Dunnett or Williams test? − take both",
abstract = "The US National Toxicology Program recommends the use of the parametric multiple comparison procedures of Dunnett and Williams for the evaluation of repeated toxicity studies. For endpoints where either increasing or decreasing effects are of toxicological relevance, we recommend the use of the two-sided Dunnett test exclusively. For the many other endpoints, where a priori only one direction is of toxicological relevance, however, we recommend the combination of Dunnett and Williams test. In particular, we recommend the so-called Umbrella-protected Williams test which offers insights for all interesting monotone and non-monotone alternatives while only suffering a marginal loss in power compared to the Dunnett test. We illustrate the power difference analytically and compare the approach for different endpoint types using three real data examples to alternative tests available. Nonparametric tests, which are suitable for the evaluation of skewed distributed or scores data, are also considered. Particular attention is given to the different interpretations of the findings revealed by the different test. R programs used for the analyses are provided.",
keywords = "Dunnett test , Multiple comparisons , R program , Repeated toxicity studies , Umbrella alternative, Williams test",
author = "Thomas Jaki and Hothorn, {Ludwig A.}",
year = "2013",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1007/s00204-013-1065-x",
language = "English",
volume = "87",
pages = "1901--1910",
journal = "Archives of Toxicology",
issn = "0340-5761",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Statistical evaluation of toxicological assays

T2 - Dunnett or Williams test? − take both

AU - Jaki, Thomas

AU - Hothorn, Ludwig A.

PY - 2013/11

Y1 - 2013/11

N2 - The US National Toxicology Program recommends the use of the parametric multiple comparison procedures of Dunnett and Williams for the evaluation of repeated toxicity studies. For endpoints where either increasing or decreasing effects are of toxicological relevance, we recommend the use of the two-sided Dunnett test exclusively. For the many other endpoints, where a priori only one direction is of toxicological relevance, however, we recommend the combination of Dunnett and Williams test. In particular, we recommend the so-called Umbrella-protected Williams test which offers insights for all interesting monotone and non-monotone alternatives while only suffering a marginal loss in power compared to the Dunnett test. We illustrate the power difference analytically and compare the approach for different endpoint types using three real data examples to alternative tests available. Nonparametric tests, which are suitable for the evaluation of skewed distributed or scores data, are also considered. Particular attention is given to the different interpretations of the findings revealed by the different test. R programs used for the analyses are provided.

AB - The US National Toxicology Program recommends the use of the parametric multiple comparison procedures of Dunnett and Williams for the evaluation of repeated toxicity studies. For endpoints where either increasing or decreasing effects are of toxicological relevance, we recommend the use of the two-sided Dunnett test exclusively. For the many other endpoints, where a priori only one direction is of toxicological relevance, however, we recommend the combination of Dunnett and Williams test. In particular, we recommend the so-called Umbrella-protected Williams test which offers insights for all interesting monotone and non-monotone alternatives while only suffering a marginal loss in power compared to the Dunnett test. We illustrate the power difference analytically and compare the approach for different endpoint types using three real data examples to alternative tests available. Nonparametric tests, which are suitable for the evaluation of skewed distributed or scores data, are also considered. Particular attention is given to the different interpretations of the findings revealed by the different test. R programs used for the analyses are provided.

KW - Dunnett test

KW - Multiple comparisons

KW - R program

KW - Repeated toxicity studies

KW - Umbrella alternative

KW - Williams test

U2 - 10.1007/s00204-013-1065-x

DO - 10.1007/s00204-013-1065-x

M3 - Journal article

VL - 87

SP - 1901

EP - 1910

JO - Archives of Toxicology

JF - Archives of Toxicology

SN - 0340-5761

IS - 11

ER -