- NixonSchulzeSymmetryForced
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- http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10711-015-0133-1
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Research output: Contribution to Journal/Magazine › Journal article › peer-review

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**Symmetry-forced rigidity of frameworks on surfaces.** / Nixon, Anthony; Schulze, Bernd.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/Magazine › Journal article › peer-review

Nixon, A & Schulze, B 2016, 'Symmetry-forced rigidity of frameworks on surfaces', *Geometriae Dedicata*, vol. 182, no. 1, pp. 163-201. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10711-015-0133-1

Nixon, A., & Schulze, B. (2016). Symmetry-forced rigidity of frameworks on surfaces. *Geometriae Dedicata*, *182*(1), 163-201. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10711-015-0133-1

Nixon A, Schulze B. Symmetry-forced rigidity of frameworks on surfaces. Geometriae Dedicata. 2016 Jun;182(1):163-201. Epub 2015 Dec 23. doi: 10.1007/s10711-015-0133-1

@article{cbc25dac0b5d4d8f98d6c2016a62fb0c,

title = "Symmetry-forced rigidity of frameworks on surfaces",

abstract = "A fundamental theorem of Laman characterises when a bar-joint framework realised generically in the Euclidean plane admits a non-trivial continuous deformation of its vertices. This has recently been extended in two ways. Firstly to frameworks that are symmetric with respect to some point group but are otherwise generic, and secondly to frameworks in Euclidean 3-space that are constrained to lie on 2-dimensional algebraic varieties. We combine these two settings and consider the rigidity of symmetric frameworks realised on such surfaces. First we establish necessary conditions for a framework to be symmetry-forced rigid for any group and any surface by setting up a symmetry-adapted rigidity matrix for such frameworks and by extending the methods in Jord{\'a}n et al. (2012) to this new context. This gives rise to several new symmetry-adapted rigidity matroids on group-labelled quotient graphs. In the cases when the surface is a sphere, a cylinder or a cone we then also provide combinatorial characterisations of generic symmetry-forced rigid frameworks for a number of symmetry groups, including rotation, reflection, inversion and dihedral symmetry. The proofs of these results are based on some new Henneberg-type inductive constructions on the group-labelled quotient graphs that correspond to the bases of the matroids in question. For the remaining symmetry groups in 3-space—as well as for other types of surfaces—we provide some observations and conjectures.",

keywords = "Rigidity, Symmetry, Surfaces, Framework, Gain graph, Inductive construction",

author = "Anthony Nixon and Bernd Schulze",

year = "2016",

month = jun,

doi = "10.1007/s10711-015-0133-1",

language = "English",

volume = "182",

pages = "163--201",

journal = "Geometriae Dedicata",

issn = "0046-5755",

publisher = "Springer",

number = "1",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Symmetry-forced rigidity of frameworks on surfaces

AU - Nixon, Anthony

AU - Schulze, Bernd

PY - 2016/6

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N2 - A fundamental theorem of Laman characterises when a bar-joint framework realised generically in the Euclidean plane admits a non-trivial continuous deformation of its vertices. This has recently been extended in two ways. Firstly to frameworks that are symmetric with respect to some point group but are otherwise generic, and secondly to frameworks in Euclidean 3-space that are constrained to lie on 2-dimensional algebraic varieties. We combine these two settings and consider the rigidity of symmetric frameworks realised on such surfaces. First we establish necessary conditions for a framework to be symmetry-forced rigid for any group and any surface by setting up a symmetry-adapted rigidity matrix for such frameworks and by extending the methods in Jordán et al. (2012) to this new context. This gives rise to several new symmetry-adapted rigidity matroids on group-labelled quotient graphs. In the cases when the surface is a sphere, a cylinder or a cone we then also provide combinatorial characterisations of generic symmetry-forced rigid frameworks for a number of symmetry groups, including rotation, reflection, inversion and dihedral symmetry. The proofs of these results are based on some new Henneberg-type inductive constructions on the group-labelled quotient graphs that correspond to the bases of the matroids in question. For the remaining symmetry groups in 3-space—as well as for other types of surfaces—we provide some observations and conjectures.

AB - A fundamental theorem of Laman characterises when a bar-joint framework realised generically in the Euclidean plane admits a non-trivial continuous deformation of its vertices. This has recently been extended in two ways. Firstly to frameworks that are symmetric with respect to some point group but are otherwise generic, and secondly to frameworks in Euclidean 3-space that are constrained to lie on 2-dimensional algebraic varieties. We combine these two settings and consider the rigidity of symmetric frameworks realised on such surfaces. First we establish necessary conditions for a framework to be symmetry-forced rigid for any group and any surface by setting up a symmetry-adapted rigidity matrix for such frameworks and by extending the methods in Jordán et al. (2012) to this new context. This gives rise to several new symmetry-adapted rigidity matroids on group-labelled quotient graphs. In the cases when the surface is a sphere, a cylinder or a cone we then also provide combinatorial characterisations of generic symmetry-forced rigid frameworks for a number of symmetry groups, including rotation, reflection, inversion and dihedral symmetry. The proofs of these results are based on some new Henneberg-type inductive constructions on the group-labelled quotient graphs that correspond to the bases of the matroids in question. For the remaining symmetry groups in 3-space—as well as for other types of surfaces—we provide some observations and conjectures.

KW - Rigidity

KW - Symmetry

KW - Surfaces

KW - Framework

KW - Gain graph

KW - Inductive construction

U2 - 10.1007/s10711-015-0133-1

DO - 10.1007/s10711-015-0133-1

M3 - Journal article

VL - 182

SP - 163

EP - 201

JO - Geometriae Dedicata

JF - Geometriae Dedicata

SN - 0046-5755

IS - 1

ER -