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Evaluation of field wetlands for mitigation of diffuse pollution from agriculture: Sediment retention, cost and effectiveness

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Evaluation of field wetlands for mitigation of diffuse pollution from agriculture: Sediment retention, cost and effectiveness. / Ockenden, Mary; Deasy, Clare; Quinton, John et al.

In: Environmental Science and Policy, Vol. 24, 24.11.2012, p. 110-119.

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Ockenden M, Deasy C, Quinton J, Bailey A, Surridge B, Stoate C. Evaluation of field wetlands for mitigation of diffuse pollution from agriculture: Sediment retention, cost and effectiveness. Environmental Science and Policy. 2012 Nov 24;24:110-119. Epub 2012 Jul 13. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2012.06.003

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@article{fcfd791a04a9428d91e49218af5b44e3,
title = "Evaluation of field wetlands for mitigation of diffuse pollution from agriculture: Sediment retention, cost and effectiveness",
abstract = "Diffuse pollution, and the contribution from agriculture in particular, has become increasingly important as pollution from point sources has been addressed by wastewater treatment. Land management approaches, such as construction of field wetlands, provide one group of mitigation options available to farmers. Although field wetlands are widely used for diffuse pollution control in temperate environments worldwide, there is a shortage of evidence for the effectiveness and viability of these mitigation options in the UK. The Mitigation Options for Phosphorus and Sediment Project aims to make recommendations regarding the design and effectiveness of field wetlands for diffuse pollution control in UK landscapes. Ten wetlands have been built on four farms in Cumbria and Leicestershire. This paper focuses on sediment retention within the wetlands, estimated from annual sediment surveys in the first two years, and discusses establishment costs. It is clear that the wetlands are effective in trapping a substantial amount of sediment. Estimates of annual sediment retention suggest higher trapping rates at sandy sites (0.5–6 t ha1 yr 1), compared to silty sites (0.02–0.4 t ha1 yr1) and clay sites (0.01–0.07 t ha1 yr 1). Establishment costs for the wetlands ranged from £280 to £3100 and depend more on site specific factors, such as fencing and gateways on livestock farms, rather than on wetland size or design. Wetlands with lower trapping rates would also have lower maintenance costs, as dredging would be required less frequently. The results indicate that field wetlands show promise for inclusion in agri-environment schemes, particularly if capital payments can be provided for establishment, to encourage uptake of these multi-functional features.",
keywords = "Constructed wetlands, Diffuse pollution , Agriculture , Sediment , Catchment management , Mitigation measure",
author = "Mary Ockenden and Clare Deasy and John Quinton and Alison Bailey and Ben Surridge and Chris Stoate",
year = "2012",
month = nov,
day = "24",
doi = "10.1016/j.envsci.2012.06.003",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "110--119",
journal = "Environmental Science and Policy",
issn = "1462-9011",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCI LTD",
note = "Catchment Science 2011 ; Conference date: 14-09-2011 Through 16-09-2011",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of field wetlands for mitigation of diffuse pollution from agriculture: Sediment retention, cost and effectiveness

AU - Ockenden, Mary

AU - Deasy, Clare

AU - Quinton, John

AU - Bailey, Alison

AU - Surridge, Ben

AU - Stoate, Chris

PY - 2012/11/24

Y1 - 2012/11/24

N2 - Diffuse pollution, and the contribution from agriculture in particular, has become increasingly important as pollution from point sources has been addressed by wastewater treatment. Land management approaches, such as construction of field wetlands, provide one group of mitigation options available to farmers. Although field wetlands are widely used for diffuse pollution control in temperate environments worldwide, there is a shortage of evidence for the effectiveness and viability of these mitigation options in the UK. The Mitigation Options for Phosphorus and Sediment Project aims to make recommendations regarding the design and effectiveness of field wetlands for diffuse pollution control in UK landscapes. Ten wetlands have been built on four farms in Cumbria and Leicestershire. This paper focuses on sediment retention within the wetlands, estimated from annual sediment surveys in the first two years, and discusses establishment costs. It is clear that the wetlands are effective in trapping a substantial amount of sediment. Estimates of annual sediment retention suggest higher trapping rates at sandy sites (0.5–6 t ha1 yr 1), compared to silty sites (0.02–0.4 t ha1 yr1) and clay sites (0.01–0.07 t ha1 yr 1). Establishment costs for the wetlands ranged from £280 to £3100 and depend more on site specific factors, such as fencing and gateways on livestock farms, rather than on wetland size or design. Wetlands with lower trapping rates would also have lower maintenance costs, as dredging would be required less frequently. The results indicate that field wetlands show promise for inclusion in agri-environment schemes, particularly if capital payments can be provided for establishment, to encourage uptake of these multi-functional features.

AB - Diffuse pollution, and the contribution from agriculture in particular, has become increasingly important as pollution from point sources has been addressed by wastewater treatment. Land management approaches, such as construction of field wetlands, provide one group of mitigation options available to farmers. Although field wetlands are widely used for diffuse pollution control in temperate environments worldwide, there is a shortage of evidence for the effectiveness and viability of these mitigation options in the UK. The Mitigation Options for Phosphorus and Sediment Project aims to make recommendations regarding the design and effectiveness of field wetlands for diffuse pollution control in UK landscapes. Ten wetlands have been built on four farms in Cumbria and Leicestershire. This paper focuses on sediment retention within the wetlands, estimated from annual sediment surveys in the first two years, and discusses establishment costs. It is clear that the wetlands are effective in trapping a substantial amount of sediment. Estimates of annual sediment retention suggest higher trapping rates at sandy sites (0.5–6 t ha1 yr 1), compared to silty sites (0.02–0.4 t ha1 yr1) and clay sites (0.01–0.07 t ha1 yr 1). Establishment costs for the wetlands ranged from £280 to £3100 and depend more on site specific factors, such as fencing and gateways on livestock farms, rather than on wetland size or design. Wetlands with lower trapping rates would also have lower maintenance costs, as dredging would be required less frequently. The results indicate that field wetlands show promise for inclusion in agri-environment schemes, particularly if capital payments can be provided for establishment, to encourage uptake of these multi-functional features.

KW - Constructed wetlands

KW - Diffuse pollution

KW - Agriculture

KW - Sediment

KW - Catchment management

KW - Mitigation measure

U2 - 10.1016/j.envsci.2012.06.003

DO - 10.1016/j.envsci.2012.06.003

M3 - Journal article

VL - 24

SP - 110

EP - 119

JO - Environmental Science and Policy

JF - Environmental Science and Policy

SN - 1462-9011

T2 - Catchment Science 2011

Y2 - 14 September 2011 through 16 September 2011

ER -