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Why and how do firms reshore?: A contingency-based conceptual framework

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>12/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>Operations Management Research
Issue number3-4
Number of pages19
Pages (from-to)85-103
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date9/08/17
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Much of the growing body of reshoring literature has focused on why firms reverse a prior location decision. While valuable, this work needs extending to how the decision to reshore is operationalised. Using a two-stage approach, this paper presents a conceptual framework that covers both why and how firms reshore. The framework also utilises contingency theory to identify the factors that influence these decisions. It is therefore claimed to be more comprehensive than others frameworks found in the literature. First, a systematic literature review deductively develops an initial framework. Second, a revised version of the framework is presented using evidence from a single, exemplar case of captive reshoring in the textiles industry. The case evidence identifies new factors and extends a typology of reshoring decisions proposed in the literature to more accurately reflect the dynamic, complex, and incremental nature of the onshore-offshore-reshore location and ownership decision.